Traditional Mongolian Medicine: history and status quo

By | 2014年10月23日 | 1,174 views
A. Pitschmann1, S. Purevsuren2, A. Obmann1, D. Natsagdorj3, D. Gunbilig4, S. Narantuya2, Ch. Kletter1 and S. Glasl 
(1)

Department of Pharmacognosy, University of Vienna, Althanstraße 14, 1090 Vienna, Austria
(2)

School of Pharmacy, Health Sciences University of Mongolia, PO Box 48/111, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
(3)

Clinic and Training Centre of Mongolian Traditional Medicine “Manba Datsan”, “Otoch Manramba” Institute of Traditional Mongolian Medicine, PO Box 49/235, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
(4)

Joint Laboratory for Chemical Ecology, Mongolian Academy of Scineces, Enkhtaivan Street 51, 13330 Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
S. Glasl
Received: 18 March 2013Accepted: 17 August 2013Published online: 3 September 2013
Abstract
Traditional Mongolian Medicine (TMM) plays an important role within the medical system of Mongolia nowadays. This medical system is rather unknown in the Western world, and detailed information can hardly be found in literature. In this article various aspects of TMM are highlighted. The eventful history of TMM is presented, and the centres which offer today’s traditional medical care are introduced. Institutions which provide education in TMM are outlined, and the latest developments in the national standard are highlighted, according to which the different institutions have to develop their curricula. Furthermore, an overview is given about herbal medicines in Mongolia and the health situation in this country. Finally, the international and Mongolian literature of Achillea asiatica, Dianthus versicolor, Euphorbia pallasii, Lilium pumilum, and Saussurea amara, which are all used in TMM to cure liver diseases, is reviewed.
Keywords

Traditional Mongolian Medicine Education Herbal drugs Liver diseases Achillea asiatica Dianthus versicolor Euphorbia pallasii Lilium pumilum Saussurea amara