Names from the Secret History of the Mongols

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Compiled in 1988 by Heather Daveno, Copyright Free! (Return to Library)

The Secret History of the Mongols was written for the royal Mongol family after the death of Chinghis Khan in 1227 AD. It details the history of the Mongol peoples from the birth of the first Mongol, Batachikhan, through the ascension of Ogodei Khan to the Mongolian throne. The Secret History is considered a primary source for the geneology of the ruling families of Mongolia up to the beginning of the 14th century.

These names are in alphagetical order, and are followed by gender (m/f) and page number for reference. Translation, clan affiliation and other notes from the text are included. Tribal spellings are taken directly from the text and may not be consistent throughout this catalog. For additional information on medieval Mongolian naming practices, please click here. Additional resources maintained by Joshua Mittleman, can be found by clicking here. Many thanks to CrystalLin, whose assistance in setting up the original table was invaluable…

 

Name

M

F

Page

Tribe

Notes from the text

Achigh          Shirun

x

84 Kereyid Leader          of the Tubegan clan
Aguchu          the Brave

x

59   Leader          of the Tayichigud clan
Ajai

x

70 Tatar  
Ajinai

x

126    
Akhutai

x

142    
Al          Alta

x

148   Her          name means  “The Golden One”
Alagh

x

66    
Alagh          Yid

x

82    
Ala                          Khush Digid Khuri

x

126   Mohammedan          (           Persia                       )
Alan          the Fair

x

4 Khorilar She gave birth to five sons, who each founded a          clan. (pg. 10) Glossary lists her as Alan Ghoa.
Alchi

x

126    
Alchidai          Khachigun

x

14    
Al          Diger

x

149    
Altan

x

11    
Altani

x

136    
Altun          Ashugh

x

71    
Ambaghai

x

10   He          was the first of the Tayichigud clan.
Arkhai          Khasar

x

50    
Arslan

x

147 Kharlugh  
Arasen

x

192    
Asha          Gambu

x

172   He          was a Tanghut minister.
B
Badai

x

82   He          was a herdsman.
Bagaridai

x

10   He          was a son of Bodonchar, whose wife was captured from a neighboring tribe.          Bagaridai means “The Captured One’.  He was the first of the          Bagarin clan.
Bala

x

125   He          was a leader of the Jalayir clan.
Barghujin

x

4    
Bartan          the Brave

x

10   Glossary          lists him as Bartan Bagatur.
Batachikhan

x

3   Born          of a blue-grey wolf and a fallow deer, Batachikhan was the first human of the          Mongol race.
Batu

x

182   Founder          of the Golden Horde of           Russia                       .
Bedugun

x

133    
Begter

x

20   He          was Temujin’s elder half brother.
Belgutei

x

11   He          was Temujin’s younger half brother and a noyan (prince).
Belgunutei

x

4    
Bilge

x

60    
Bodonchar          the Fool

x

5   Founder          of the Borjigin clan, he may also have introduced falconry to           Mongolia                       .          (pg. 7) Glossary lists him as Bodonchar Mungkhagh.
Bogen

x

125    
Bogorchu

x

28    
Bolkhadar

x

190    
Borjigidai          the Clever

x

3    
Boroghul

x

58 Jurkin Temujin’s          personal cook.
Borte

x

15 Ungirad Temujin’s          primary wife.
Botokhui          Targhun

x

149   Ruler          of the Khori Tumad tribe.
Bughu          Khatagi

x

5    
Bughutu          Salji

x

5    
Bugidai

x

142    
Bugunutei

x

4    
Bujeg

x

189    
Bujir

x

125    
Bukha

x

57    
Bulughan

x

125    
Buri          the Athlete

x

10   Glossary          lists him as Buri Boko.
Burkhan

x

163   Ruler          of the Tanghut kingdom.
Butu

x

126    
Buyirugh

x

59 Naiman He          was a great shaman.
C
Chaghagan          Khoga

x

125    
Chaghagan          Uua

x

47   He          was the leader of the Chinos (Wolf) clan.
Chagur

x

78    
Chagurkhai

x

126    
Chakha          (f) pg. 162

x

50    
Chanai          (m) pg. 142

x

16    
Charakha          (m) pg. 16

x

16    
Checheyigen          (f) pg. 149

x

149    
Chidukhul          the Athlete

x

10   He          had so many sons from his numerous wives that they formed the Menen Bagarin          clan, meaning “Numerous Captives”
Chigu

x

126    
Chilagun

x

25   A          prince of the Merkid tribe.
Chiledu

x

11   A          nobleman of the Merkid tribe.
Chilger          the Athlete

x

40    
Chimbai

x

25    
Chingis

x

2   Born          as Temujin, named after the Tatar Temujin Uge, whom his father had captured          in war. He later took the name of Chingis, which is “the sound iron          makes when it is forged’.
Chormakhan

x

175   He          was a Mongol leader.
Chotan

x

30   Borte’s          mother (Borte was Temujin’s wife).
Chulgetei

x

125    
Cyriacus          Buyirugh

x

69   He          was a leader of the Kereyid tribe.
D
Dagun

x

126    
Daidukul          Sokhor

x

149    
Daritai          Odchigin

x

11    
Dayir          Usun

x

34   A          chief of one of the three Merkid tribes.
Degei

x

49    
Dei          the Wise

x

14 Ungirad  
Dhunan

x

125    
Dobun          the Clever

x

3   Glossary          lists him as Dobun Mergen.
Dodai

x

50    
Dokholkhu

x

193    
Dologadai

x

125    
Dorbei          the Fierce

x

149   Glossary          lists him as Dorbei Doghshin.
Doregene

x

117 Merkid Wife          to Ogodei Khan.
Dori          Bukha

x

126    
Duua          the Blind

x

3   Glossary          lists him as Duua Sokhor.
E
Ebegei

x

53    
Eljigedei

x

144    
Erke          Khara

x

69    
G
Geugi

x

126    
Ghunan

x

133   Geniges          clan
Guchu          (m) pg. 58

x

58 Merkid  
Guchugur

x

50    
Guchulug

x

147 Naiman  
Gughlug

x

117   He          was a Naiman Prince.
Gugun

x

57    
Gurbesu

x

102 Naiman A          wife to Chingis Khan.
Gurin          the Brave

x

76    
Guyug

x

183    
H
Harghasun

x

187    
Hobogetur

x

164    
Hogelun          Ujin

x

12 Olkhunugud Mother          to Temujin.
Holuikhan

x

149    
Horkhudagh

x

142    
Husun

x

125    
I
Ibakha

x

99    
Idughadai

x

126    
Ile

x

164    
Illugei

x

125    
Inalchi

x

149    
Inancha          Bilge

x

69   Leader          of the Naiman tribe.
Iturgen

x

98    
J
Jarchigudai          (m) pg. 32

x

32 Uriangkha He          was a blacksmith.
Jajiradai          (m) pg. 10

x

10   He          was a son of Bodonchar, who’s wife was captured from          a neighboring tribe.  Jajiradai means “The Foreigner”. He was          the first of the Jadaran clan.
Jakha          Gambu

x

38 Kereyid  
Jamugha

x

36   He          was the head of the Jadaran clan, and was later elected Gurhan of the Dorben,          Tatar, Naima, Oyirad, Merkid and Tayichigud clans. (pg 59-60)
Jangg

x

188    
Jebe

x

66   A          Tayichigud warrior, his name means “The Weapon.”
Jebke

x

57    
Jeder

x

126    
Jelme

x

32   The          son of a Uriangkhai blacksmith. (pg. 198)
Jetei

x

125    
Jirghogadai

x

66 Tayichigud  
Jochi          Darmala

x

51   Borjigin          clan
Jubkhan

x

163    
Jungshoi

x

125    
Jurchedei

x

52   Leader          of the Urugud clan.
K
Kete

x

126    
Ketei

x

126    
Khabichi          the Brave

x

10   Borjigin          clan
Khabu

x

10   Second          ruler of the Mongolian Nation.
Khachi          the Hero

x

10   His          wife was Nomolun, their son was Khaidu, first ruler          of all           Mongolia                       .
Khachigun

x

14    
Khadagan

x

26    
Khadagan          Daldurkhan

x

86    
Khadagh          the Brav

x

84   Leader          of the Jirgin clan and a commander in the Kereyid army. Glossary lists him as          Khadagh Bagatur.
Khagatai          Darmala

x

34   A          leader of one of the three Merkid clans.
Khaguran

x

126    
Khada

x

164    
Khadai

x

126    
Khaidu

x

10   First          khan of the Mongolian Empire.
Khal

x

118   He          was a leader of the Merkid tribe.
Khaligudar

x

97    
Khalja

x

126    
Kharachar

x

125    
Kharchu

x

3    
Khargil          Shira

x

135    
Khasar

x

14    
Khasi

x

57    
Khogaghchin

x

32    
Khojin

x

78    
Khongkhai

x

188    
Khongkhortai

x

188    
Khongtaghar

x

175    
Khorchi          (m) pg. 47

x

47   He          was a  leader of the Bagarin clan.
Khorghosun

x

125    
Khoridai

x

60    
Khorijin

x

53   Jurkin          clan
Khorilartai          the Clever

x

4   Khori          Tuman clan until they were restricted from hunting by neighboring clans in          the Khori Tumad country; they left and changed their clan name to Khorilar.          (pg 4)
Khori          Shilemun Taisi

x

84    
Khori          Subechi

x

101 Naiman  
Khubilai          (m) pg. 72

x

72    
Khuchar

x

48    
Khudu

x

59   He          was a Merkid prince.
Khudukha

x

59 Oyirad He          was a great shaman.
Khudus          Khalkhan

x

106    
Khugurchin

x

53   Jurkin          clan
Khulan

x

115 Merkid A          wife of Chingis
Khurchakhus

x

126    
Khuril          Ashigh

x

126
Khuri          Shilemun

x

131    
Khutughtu

x

10    
Khutula

x

11   First          khan chosen by Khuriltai, or the Great Assembly of Mongols to elect their          leader. (pg. 13)
Khuyildar          the Wise

x

85   A          leader of the Manghud clan, glossary lists him as Khuyildar Sechen.
Kinggiyadai          Bukha

x

126    
Kishiligh

x

82   He          was a herdsman.
Kogsegu          Sabragh

x

75   He          was a great Naiman warrior.
Koko          Chos

x

125    
Kokochu

x

46   Tayichigud          clan. Kokochu became a great shaman known by the name of Teb Tengri.
Kuchu          (m) pg. 42

x

42    
L
Lablakha

x

142    
M
Maral

x

125    
Megetu

x

126    
Megujin          (m) pg. 54

x

54   He          was a Tatar chief.
Menggei

x

188    
Mongke

x

183    
Mongoljin          the Fair

x

3    
Morokha

x

126    
Muge

x

125    
Mukhali

x

57   Jurkin          clan
Mulkhalkhu

x

50    
Mungetu

x

182    
Munggugur

x

125    
Mungke

x

126    
Munglig

x

152   A          leader of the Khonghkotad clan
N
Nakhu          the Rich

x

28   Glossary          lists him as Nakhu Bayan.
Narin          Kegen

x

82    
Narin          Togoril

x

138    
Nayaga

x

66   He          was a Mongol leader.
Nekun          Taisi

x

11    
Nilkha          Senggu

x

79    
Nomolun

x

10   Mother          of Khaidu, 1st khan of           Mongolia
O
Odchigin

x

104   Name          means “Ruler of the hearth’ and is commonly used as part of the name of          the youngest son. (glossary pg 199)
Ogele

x

47 Arulad  
Ogodei

x

87   He          was a son of Chingis and 2nd khan of the Mongolian Empire.
Okhotur

x

182    
Okin          Barkhagh

x

10   Jurkin          clan
Olar

x

126    
Oldaghar

x

184    
Onggiran

x

126    
Onggur

x

125   Temujin’s          personal cook
Orbei

x

17    Tayichigud          clan
Ore                          Beg Gigin

x

149    
Oronartai

x

125    
S
Sacha

x

10   He          was a shaman in the Jurkin clan.
Sechequr

x

126    
Senggum

x

60 Kereyid  
Shigi          Khutukhu

x

56 Tatar  
Shikigur

x

53    
Shilugei

x

125    
Shingkhor

x

10    
Shiraghul

x

126    
Shirgugetu

x

66    
Sorkhaghatani

x

99    
Sorkhan          Shira

x

24    
Sokhatai

x

17   Tayichigud          clan
Sokhor

x

154    
Sorkhatu          Jurki

x

10   He          was the first of the Jurkin clan.
Soyiketu

x

49    
Subetei          the Brave

x

47 Uriangkhai  
Sugegei          Jegun

x

95    
Sukegei

x

50    
Suyiketu

x

125    
T
Taghai

x

50    
Taichar

x

51    
Taisi

x

11    
Tamachi

x

126    
Taichu

x

10   Jurkin          clan
Tayang

x

79 Naiman  
Targhutai          Kiriltugh

x

18   Leader          of the Tayichigud clan. Glossary lists him as “Kiriltugh the Fat          One.”
Teb          Tengri

x

152   “The          Heavenly One’. He was known as Kokochu before becoming a great shaman.
Telegetu          the Rich

x

57    
Temuge

x

14    
Temuge          Odchigin

x

14   A          brother of Temujin.
Temujin          Uge

x

13 Tatar  
Temulun

x

14   A          sister of Temujin.
Temur

x

126    
Tobsakha

x

126    
Tobukha

x

126    
Todoge

x

139   Tayichigud          clan
Todogen          Girte

x

18   A          leader of the Tayichigud clan
Toghon          Temur

x

126    
Toghoril

x

13 Kereyid  
Toghtoga

x

34 Merkid  
Toghtoga

x

39    
Tokhuchar

x

172    
Tolun          (m) pg. 125

x

125    
Tolui

x

99    
Torbi          Tashi

x

104    
Torolchi

x

149    
Tuge

x

125    
Tumbinai

x

10    
Tumen          the Numberous

x

10   Borjigin          clan
Tungge

x

57    
Tunghhuidai

x

126    
Tusakha

x

78    
Tuyuideger

x

129    
U
Udutai

x

126    
Uighurtai

x

190    
Ukhuna

x

166    
Usun

x

134   A          leader of the Bagarin clan.
Y
Yedi          Inal

x

149    
Yedi          Tublugh

x

182   He          was a Naiman chief.
Yegu

x

182    
Yeke          Cheren

x

72   He          was a Tatar chief.
Yeke          Chiledu

x

11 Merkid  
Yeke          Negurin

x

141    
Yesugei          the Brave

x

10   Kiyan          clan. He was Temujin’s father.
Yesugun

x

73   Yesugun          and Yesui were Tatar sisters and wives to Chingis.
Yesui

x

73    
Yesunge

x

182    
Yesun          Tege

x

142    
Yokhunan

x

104    
Yurukhan

x

126    
TITLES
Anda      “Sworn          brother”
Beki 137   “A          great shaman and chief of noble descent. Who was allowed to wear white robes,          ride a white gelding and sit on an elevated seat.”
Cherbi 105    “Steward          of the army”
Guregen 126   “One          who has married one of the daughters of Chingis Khan.”
Khan     “Chieftain”
Khatun     “Wife          of the khan”
Gui          Ong 130    “Prince          of the realm”
Mingghan-u          Noyan 125   “Ruler          of 1000 households”
Ong 55    “Prince”          (Chinese language)
Shidurghu 180   “One          who has been made upright”

source: http://www.laohats.com/studypages/mongol_names.htm