What Exactly Means the Genghis Khan’s White Ger in Ordos
The Main Topic: The white Gers (houses) in Ordos are not the tomb in which Genghis Khan’s shrine was stored and offered sacrifices
Key Words: the Ordos the White Ordo (palace) of Genghis Khan
In his fifth invasion to Tanggud, on July 5th of the year of 1227, Genghis Khan died of some disease in Durimekei Town (Lingzhou, 灵洲) of Tanggud. And his sons, empresses and subjects took his shrine to his home town and buried. According to historical books, it is certainly true that Genghis Khan was buried in his hometown.
When the hearse arrived at his hometown, emperor Toloi, the youngest son of Genghis Khan, who was in power and in charge of the motherland, declared the news of the death of his great father, did funeral and mourning in the palaces of the four empresses and buried the emperor father. And sacrificed the idol of Genghis Khan in a special white Ger, hereafter, the worship and sacrifice to Genghis Kan formed and begun. In the Autumn of 1228, Ogedei became the great emperor by the Yekhe Huraldai (the big conference), he not only continued the sacrifice of Genghis Khan, but also decided the sacrifice as one of the most important memorials of his regime. This is the beginning of the sacrifice of the White Ger of Genghis Khan, which go down to posterity among the Mongols though over seven hundred years.
The place, where the great shrine of Genghis Khan was buried, had been decided as a very strict controlled forbidden sacred place, and Uriyanghans were sent as guards for the forbidden place, and also they were given a task of guarding the White Ger in which Genghis Khan’s idol was sacrificed and lighting of the sacred lamps. Ancestor of Today’s Ordos Mongols is a part of Uriyanghans who were guards of the Big Forbidden Place. After the Genghis Khan’s death, guarding the sacrifice and the White Ger of Genghis Khan’s Idol and the Big Forbidden Place at the mountains of Burkhan Haldun, some of Uriyanghans moved to the west areas such as Altai Mountains, Yili Tarbagatai and Hamil in the fourteenth century. And they entered the Union of Four Oirads which established by Togon Taisi at the period of the North Yuan State. In the late fifteenth century, these Uriyanghans departed from the Oirads by the leadership of Ibari Taisi, a nephew of Togon Taisi, and so they moved from the northern part of Hamil via Ejin-e to Boro Tohoi grassland and settled down there. When emperor Tayan reunited the whole Mongols and made these Uriyanghans who guarding the White Gers as one of the Right Three Tumens and called them as the Ordos Tumens. Since then, the original name of Uriyanghan is forgotten slowly and famous for their new name of Ordos.
(Translateded from Mongolian into English by Delger)