Project on “Values of the Mongolian nomads on the mentality culture of the World” (2008-2010)

By | 2015年7月1日 | 884 views

The Mongols’ early ancestors not only contributed to the emergence of the Mongoloid race, but also performed a central role in the establishment of a diversity of nomadic cultures in Central Asia. The project aims to clear and clarify the role of the Mongolian nomads to the Western and Oriental civilizations based on the real facts of archaeology, ethnography, history and culture. Totally 12 scholars and researchers have participated to this project.

Four basic directions of the result of this survey were obtained, such as:

1.   Collective book on “Contribution of the Mongolian nomads to the Western and Oriental Civilizations”: In 3 volume book the authors have clarified relationship of the Mongolians with other civilizations on all aspects as well as political and diplomatic, economical and cultural, technological and religious, art and knowledge. The nomadic Mongols and their direct ancestors performed a major role in world civilization on two occasions, during the periods of the Xiongnu (Hun) Empire and the Mongol Empire. These nomadic peoples protected and developed international trade routes, represented by the “Silk Route”, as well as causing the construction of the Great Wall of China. During their wars of conquest, the Xiongnu travelled from the western parts of China through the mountainous region of Central Asia as far as the centres of Mesopotamian civilization. The famous “Silk Route”, which connected Western Europe, the Roman Empire and Islamic states, led to the emergence of new cities and towns along its path in Asia, Africa and Arabia, and contributed to the cultural development of Buddhist, Islamic, Daoist and Christian nations. The Mongol Empire established by Chinggis Khan fully met the criteria of a modern civilization: it guaranteed basic rights and freedoms, including the rights to live and to own property, and the freedom to travel, which extended to foreign visitors, as well as the freedom of religion; it had an effective administrative mechanism designed to protect and organize the affairs of the state; it had a fair legal system that applied to its own citizens and foreigners in its territory, supported by courts and legal regulations, which included acts recognizing international law and procedures governing war; and it maintained permanent and friendly diplomatic relations with other states.

2.  The documentary movie on “Mongolia in the networking of the world civilizations” (37 min. in English): This documentary movie consists from two parts such as 1. Role of the Mongolian nomads to the world civilizations, 2. Cultural Diversity of Mongolian nomads

3.  The recommendation on celebration and awareness of the 2220 years of the establishment of the Xiongnu-the first statehood of nomads: Considered to be the early ancestors of the Mongols, the Xunnu (also spelled Hsiong-nu or Xiongnu) left an important mark on the history of Central Asia, as the first of the Central Asian nomadic tribes to establish their own state. As result of this recommendation the Government of Mongolia made Resolution No. 314, on December 1st, 2010 on the Celebration of the 2220 years of the establishment of the Xiongnu Empire.

4.  The monograph on History and Culture of the Xiongnu (26 pp.): The author of this book is Doctor Ya.Ganbaatar.  The author concluded that one of the main contributionsmade by the Xunnu to cultural development was the creation of a system of writing, devised by adapting the Aramaic alphabet to the phonetics of their own language, supplemented by ancient tribal tamga symbols. Important numbers of Xunnu sites and artefacts have been discovered throughout Mongolia, the centre of the Xunnu state, but also in areas occupied by sedentary peoples of China, Korea, Greece and the Middle East, demonstrating that the Xunnu maintained wide-ranging relations with their sedentary neighbours.