Inner Mongolian Museum

By | 2014年1月26日 | 1,178 views

Situated  in the north-west of the intersection at Xinhua East Street and Dongerhuan Road,  Hohhot, the Inner Mongolia Museum is adjacent to Wulanqiate Grand Theater with  a main building area of more than 50,000 square meters, a 4-story main  structure and a 6-story local structure. It has a unique design and advanced  equipment composed of the exhibition hall, a cultural relic storeroom, the  audience service area, the business district of scientific research and a multi-functional  hall. The museum expresses the strong modern elements, the regional features and  the local minorities’ characteristics; it is known as an “Encyclopedia” which  reflects hundreds of millions of years’ history of ecological changes and the developments  of the civilization across the grasslands. It is also a landmark of the  development of economy, society and the civilizational level in this  autonomous region.


Based on the abundant resources, such as ancient biology fossils, current biology, historical relics and ethnic  cultural relics in the autonomous region, the  museum has a “grassland culture exhibition series” with the theme of “prairie  culture” represented in both of the basic  displays and the thematic displays. These displays are distributed in the  exhibition hall over three stories, which total 14 display areas.

The second story: there are  four basic displays named “Ancient biology fossils”, “The natural living  exhibition”, “Geological and mineral specimens” and “China  Aerospace Science and Technology Exhibition”, showing the  development of the grassland culture. The scenery presented is as vivid as  life.

The third story: the four  basic displays called “The national history of ancient Inner  Mongolia”, “Family history of ancient Inner Mongolia”, “The  modern ethnic customs of Inner Mongolia” and “The  modern revolutionary history of Inner Mongolia” can be  visited, which present the longitudinal development of the grassland culture  from three periods: ancient times, the modern age and contemporary times. They are easily  understood as they are concisely and lively exhibited.

The fourth story focuses on  six thematic displays: “Cultural relics in the New Stone Age”, “The ancient  horse relics”, “The ancient  costume cultural relics”, “The  ancient and modern dance art”, “Ancient  culture and art heritage” and “Cultural relics of the ancient  grassland’s Silk Road”, which highlight the  six wonderful points of the prairie culture.

These displays are arranged in a crisscross pattern with multi-faceted,  multi-angle exhibits, which systematically describe the image of Inner  Mongolia.


There are more than 100,000 sets of collections in the Inner Mongolia  Museum which can be classified as fossil specimens, historical relics, ethnic relics  and modern cultural relics.

The museum holds  44,000 objects relating to ethnic history in its collections. Among these, quite  a few are rare treasures seldom seen in China, especially the artifacts  relating to the northern tribes called Xiongnu 匈奴, Xianbei  鲜卑, and Qidan 契丹 Mongolians.  This makes them the special collections in the Inner Mongolia Museum.

The museum also  pays great attention to collections of national folk cultural relics. At  present, there are more than 3,000 sets of such objects, which completely reflect  the lifestyles and customs of ethnic groups of Mongolia: Ewenki, Oroqen and Daur.  Among these, costumes of Mongolian women from different parts of Inner Mongolia,  as well as Mongolian religious artifacts, are the most attractive.

Inner Mongolia is  also known as the’Land of Fossils’. Through years of archaeological  excavations, considerable fossil specimens across the ages have been collected in  the Inner Mongolia Museum, which has attracted global attention.

The Precious Collection

Nuoerosaurus changanensis

Nuoerosaurus is the largest Asian Cretaceous dinosaur with a body length of 16 meters, a height of 12  meters and a weight of more than 60 tons. It is named after the place, Qagan  Lake, where it was discovered.

The Crown of Xiongnu Tribe

Made of gold with a weight of 1,394 grams, it is a national  treasure and the only gold crown of Xiongnu Chanyu (the monarch of the Xiongnu  nationality) found so far. The crown is constituted of a golden eagle and cap  band, and is embossed with a pattern of a sheep and a wolf. The eagle stands on  the top of the hemispherical crown, watching the battle between the wolf and the  sheep.

The Yunyao Incense Burner

It is the rarely-seen porcelain of the Yuan Dynasty and has  a height of 42.7 centimeters and a caliber of 25.5 centimeters. With a straight  burner mouth,round drum abdomen, rectangular straight ear on  each side of the burner mouth, and three unicorns carved in the neck of the  incense burner, this incense burner has very special features and is the “national  treasure”.

The Precious Cultural Relics of the Liao Dynasty

The Qidan nationality brought the grassland culture to a new  peak. The great archaeological discoveries of the Liao Dynasty a large  number of precious cultural relics unearthed like gold and silver ware, glass  ware, agate ware and lacquer ware became prominent  in the Inner Mongolia Museum.

The National Unity Baoding

The National Unity Baoding is placed beside the channel of  the front gate. This round bronze Baoding shows stateliness with its two tall  ears, the solid tripod and the exquisitely patterned tripod body and tripod  neck which symbolized the landform characteristics of Inner Mongolia, and the scene  of cattle and sheep flocks. The saddle-shaped tripod ears and the  horse-hoof-shaped tripod feet reflect the good horses and fine shooting in Mongolia,  and express good luck and happiness.

Special Activities

Ethnic Etiquette and Custom Performance: a Hada Presentation,  the Mongolian Long Tune and the Horse Head Fiddle. These give audiences a  closer and more intuitive way to enjoy the charm and elegant demeanor of the prairie  culture.

Travel Essentials

Opening times: 9:00 am-5:30  pm in summer, 9:30 am-5:00 pm in winter.

Free of charge from Tuesdays to Sundays and closed all day  on Mondays (except for the public holidays).

Address: 27, Xinhua Dong Street,  Xincheng District, Hohhot City, Inner Mongolia.

Transportation: Take bus 1, 5, 13, 21, 22,  24, 34 or 303 from Hohhot City and transfer to the sightseeing bus in Xinhua Square.