Situated in the north-west of the intersection at Xinhua East Street and Dongerhuan Road, Hohhot, the Inner Mongolia Museum is adjacent to Wulanqiate Grand Theater with a main building area of more than 50,000 square meters, a 4-story main structure and a 6-story local structure. It has a unique design and advanced equipment composed of the exhibition hall, a cultural relic storeroom, the audience service area, the business district of scientific research and a multi-functional hall. The museum expresses the strong modern elements, the regional features and the local minorities’ characteristics; it is known as an “Encyclopedia” which reflects hundreds of millions of years’ history of ecological changes and the developments of the civilization across the grasslands. It is also a landmark of the development of economy, society and the civilizational level in this autonomous region.
Based on the abundant resources, such as ancient biology fossils, current biology, historical relics and ethnic cultural relics in the autonomous region， the museum has a “grassland culture exhibition series” with the theme of “prairie culture” represented in both of the basic displays and the thematic displays. These displays are distributed in the exhibition hall over three stories, which total 14 display areas.
The second story: there are four basic displays named “Ancient biology fossils”, “The natural living exhibition”, “Geological and mineral specimens” and “China Aerospace Science and Technology Exhibition”, showing the development of the grassland culture. The scenery presented is as vivid as life.
The third story: the four basic displays called “The national history of ancient Inner Mongolia”, “Family history of ancient Inner Mongolia”, “The modern ethnic customs of Inner Mongolia” and “The modern revolutionary history of Inner Mongolia” can be visited, which present the longitudinal development of the grassland culture from three periods: ancient times, the modern age and contemporary times. They are easily understood as they are concisely and lively exhibited.
The fourth story focuses on six thematic displays: “Cultural relics in the New Stone Age”, “The ancient horse relics”, “The ancient costume cultural relics”, “The ancient and modern dance art”, “Ancient culture and art heritage” and “Cultural relics of the ancient grassland’s Silk Road”, which highlight the six wonderful points of the prairie culture.
These displays are arranged in a crisscross pattern with multi-faceted, multi-angle exhibits, which systematically describe the image of Inner Mongolia.
There are more than 100,000 sets of collections in the Inner Mongolia Museum which can be classified as fossil specimens, historical relics, ethnic relics and modern cultural relics.
The museum holds 44,000 objects relating to ethnic history in its collections. Among these, quite a few are rare treasures seldom seen in China, especially the artifacts relating to the northern tribes called Xiongnu 匈奴, Xianbei 鲜卑, and Qidan 契丹 Mongolians. This makes them the special collections in the Inner Mongolia Museum.
The museum also pays great attention to collections of national folk cultural relics. At present, there are more than 3,000 sets of such objects, which completely reflect the lifestyles and customs of ethnic groups of Mongolia: Ewenki, Oroqen and Daur. Among these, costumes of Mongolian women from different parts of Inner Mongolia, as well as Mongolian religious artifacts, are the most attractive.
Inner Mongolia is also known as the’Land of Fossils’. Through years of archaeological excavations, considerable fossil specimens across the ages have been collected in the Inner Mongolia Museum, which has attracted global attention.
The Precious Collection
Nuoerosaurus is the largest Asian Cretaceous dinosaur with a body length of 16 meters, a height of 12 meters and a weight of more than 60 tons. It is named after the place, Qagan Lake, where it was discovered.
The Crown of Xiongnu Tribe
Made of gold with a weight of 1,394 grams, it is a national treasure and the only gold crown of Xiongnu Chanyu (the monarch of the Xiongnu nationality) found so far. The crown is constituted of a golden eagle and cap band, and is embossed with a pattern of a sheep and a wolf. The eagle stands on the top of the hemispherical crown, watching the battle between the wolf and the sheep.
The Yunyao Incense Burner
It is the rarely-seen porcelain of the Yuan Dynasty and has a height of 42.7 centimeters and a caliber of 25.5 centimeters. With a straight burner mouth,round drum abdomen, rectangular straight ear on each side of the burner mouth, and three unicorns carved in the neck of the incense burner, this incense burner has very special features and is the “national treasure”.
The Precious Cultural Relics of the Liao Dynasty
The Qidan nationality brought the grassland culture to a new peak. The great archaeological discoveries of the Liao Dynasty — a large number of precious cultural relics unearthed like gold and silver ware, glass ware, agate ware and lacquer ware — became prominent in the Inner Mongolia Museum.
The National Unity Baoding
The National Unity Baoding is placed beside the channel of the front gate. This round bronze Baoding shows stateliness with its two tall ears, the solid tripod and the exquisitely patterned tripod body and tripod neck which symbolized the landform characteristics of Inner Mongolia, and the scene of cattle and sheep flocks. The saddle-shaped tripod ears and the horse-hoof-shaped tripod feet reflect the good horses and fine shooting in Mongolia, and express good luck and happiness.
Ethnic Etiquette and Custom Performance: a Hada Presentation, the Mongolian Long Tune and the Horse Head Fiddle. These give audiences a closer and more intuitive way to enjoy the charm and elegant demeanor of the prairie culture.
Opening times: 9:00 am-5:30 pm in summer, 9:30 am-5:00 pm in winter.
Free of charge from Tuesdays to Sundays and closed all day on Mondays (except for the public holidays).
Address: 27, Xinhua Dong Street, Xincheng District, Hohhot City, Inner Mongolia.
Transportation: Take bus 1, 5, 13, 21, 22, 24, 34 or 303 from Hohhot City and transfer to the sightseeing bus in Xinhua Square.