Monthly Archives: December 2013

Thinking on the Modernization of Current Nomadic Culture in Inner Mongolia

By Ulaanbagan-a, Bayar (Inner Mongolian Teacher’s University), translated from Mongolian into English by Delger

In the 20th century, the human society comes into a rapid progress. The modernization is an absolute way of main developing method for any nationality or country. It not only gives an opportunity to them, but also makes them faced with a competition. The achievement of modernization is not the problem, but how we complete the modernization, is the main topic. In this paper, we just based on the Inner Mongolian special development of history and culture, trying to research the problems of modernization of the modern Mongolian nomadic culture.

 

ONE The General Ideas of Modernization

 

It is a very popular topic to talk about the modernization. There are many scholars have studied on the problems of modernization and said their different ideas in social studies. Such as Mr. R.Ward, an American scholar, regards as the general ideas or concepts of a modern society is the using of technologies of science, energies, many kind of financial methods, decisions for the economical policies and the level of the objective life, according to the social economy. Mr. S.Huntington, an American scholar, regards a modern society is a political authorities for the whole country, from the political concerning, the very benefits of a certain government or a party. It is a kind of new organization of management and a new principle, in which including concepts of politics, military and law. In the modern society, the philosophical authority will take place the authorities of the traditional and religious, families’ or kinship. Some scholars regarded that the knowledge is the main engine of the modern society, based on the science and technologies, it have changed the structures of the work, society, authority, management system and social ideologies. Some are regarded that the modernization is a kind of ideological phenomena or a case of thought, just according to the evaluation of thoughts of the human beings. Others said that a modern society is a complicated and a whole system of a society; therefore, we should study it from different subjects and different ways. Mr. Inkeies said that modernization of a society is a kind of system and it is composed of much different kind of systems. There are four parts in a social system, such as economy, politics, social service and social culture. A society is modernized or not, should be systematically decided by several elements. And the manpower is the decisional element among them, no any doubt.

In summary, in systematic theory, social modernization is a way of change and development of a society. It is a process of an evaluation of society which lead with development of science and technology, take the modernization of the human as main part and having revolutionary aspects. The modernization of a society is not only a concept of a time, but also a very complicated and plentiful concerning about a society. So, there have been formed many different kinds of ideas about the determination of the modern society among the people from different politics, economy, culture and tradition.

In the process of the modernization of a society, the main part of the modernization, the modernization of the man belongs to the high changes of thoughts and activities. It is quite difficult to give a determination to the modernization of the man, because there has a lack of studies about the subjects of how to achieve to the human modernization. But we regarding the modernization of the man is process of development of thoughts of a nationality, as traditional thoughts and activities changed and developed higher than the original ones, there appearing the quality changes in a nationality ideology, in the transition from traditional society to a modern society, based on our analyses with the modernization achievement study.

 

TWO The Characters of Modern Nomadic Culture of Inner Mongolia

 

The modernization is an inevitable progress of a modern society, its approach differs from nation to nation, depends on the different situations in different countries. Therefore, in the study of modernization, should be pay attention to the differences between the nationalities and their specific characters. There are some characters in Inner Mongolian modern nomadic culture, showing as follows:

(1) The Comprehensiveness. The comprehensiveness of a culture is an extensiveness of the internal structure of a culture. For example, less force for rules but rather consciousness, spiritual moderate, and keeping fair on communication with others and exclude less to other cultures. These are very clear characters of Mongolian nomadic life. Mongolians are have characters of very direct contacting, open mind , hospitality, a deep respect to the elders, a deep love to the children, fair rights for man and woman, independent rights to the children and democratic relations to the family members in their daily life, etc.

(2) The Evaluation. The Modernization is a developing way that every nation couldn’t be avoided. Mongolian nomadic culture also confronted with many kinds of competition and development by the era and the influences of the other cultures. There occurred very clear changes in the methods of existence and thoughts and characters of Mongols. So, the evaluation provided a very good opportunity for Inner Mongolians to change their traditional thoughts, ways of life and to move into the modernization.

(3) The Contradiction. The evaluation brings the inevitable conflict between the traditional culture and modern culture. In Inner Mongolia, there are many nationalities living together, therefore, there appears contradiction in its original cultural structure and the contradiction will continue a certain time. This contradiction from internal structure of Mongolian culture after receiving the other cultures, will make Mongolian nomadic life come to multicultural.

(4) The Multicultural Character. The multicultural aspect is a common character of many countries in the modern world today. Our region is a minority autonomous region that consists of Mongolian nationality as the main nation and the Han Chinese as the majority and many other nationalities. And it also borders with many other countries. Therefore, Mongolian traditional culture now combining with other cultures and influencing each other very deeply, so that Mongolian nomadic culture comes to multicultural period and its economy, politics, culture and ideology have greatly influencing and changing.

 

THREE On the Modernization of Mongolian Nomadic lives in Inner

Mongolia

 

I. Conditions for Approaching of Modernization in Inner Mongolian Nomadic Life

According to forgoing analysis, modernization is an inevitable developing way of a nationality and there should be formed a certain conditions for the approaching of the modernization. The Mongolian nomadic life today, if wants to come to the modernization, there should be formed the conditions as follows:

At first, to do rearrangement for the existing methods and to fasten the economical constructions. In Inner Mongolian herding area, there are still going their primitive means of production, the nomadic life. This kind of existing methods are not fitting to the social development and necessaries, especially not fitting for the modernization. Because the herding method of living on natural pasture is very vulnerable with disasters. In production, the man couldn’t control the process of production and the natural conditions. And lacking so much scientific and technological methods so that it couldn’t catch the way of world economy. So, there needed ideological modernization and ways of economical modernization in Mongolian national modernization, at first.

Secondly, to develop and maintain education greatly, educate a big class of talented personals. It becomes a common idea that the education is a key development for the modern world. There is no a developed country with a poor or backward of education. Although Inner Mongolian national education is developing quite good in these years, but still couldn’t match with the necessaries of modernization for Mongolian nomadic life.

Thirdly, to ensure the ecological balance and the long lasting development. Because of many kinds of natural and social problems, the ecological balance of Inner Mongolian grassland has been destroyed and pastures go worse, rainfall go less, deserts became wider and flood and snow disasters threatening the life of the herdsmen. It’s not only decreasing economical growth but also threatening the life condition of the generation and blocking the progress of modernization.

II. The Impetus of the Modernization of Nomadic Culture

As any culture’s modernization, Mongolian nomadic culture also starts with two kinds of beginnings. That is, the active change of the main structure of the culture and the changes of the traditional culture by the influence of the other cultures. The first one is the internal reason of the change and development of a culture. To change and develop the culture with a certain goal according to the construction need of the culture is considered as a process of conscious activity. But second one is the external reasons or condition of the development of a culture. Although the other culture gives conflicts and press on the native culture and shaking the base of its stationed contents, it couldn’t change the original body of a culture. When there appears a same need both for the native and external culture, the non-native culture may become the possible motive power. But it is still not the main power for the cultural development. The conflict between the tradition and the modern culture is the real motive power of a culture’s change and development. Of course, this is also the impetus of the Mongolian nomadic culture. But process of development of a culture is a very complicated one and its motive power is also a very complicated system.

III. Samples of Modernization of the Nomadic Culture

Although there is no ready-made sample for Mongolian modernization, several hundreds years of experiences of the west European modernization may become some references to the very problem. The western modernization process experienced three kinds of modernization periods, such as the internal change, the internal and external interaction and external function. The internal change is the natural starting modernization or internal evaluation. It is a long period of evaluation of historical process formed under the condition of a new modernization power that never exists before rose continuously in it. In this process, the newly appeared power of the west Europe chosen two kinds of choices: they had their culture expanded to the outside world, and repaired their lack in modernization and made the world developed the west Europe; then they depend on the modernization power in their traditional culture, made themselves strong with the innovates. The policies of innovation are the main reason for the whole modernization process of the west Europe, based on the modernization to the traditional culture. The innovation has a very close relation to the structure of society. Generally speaking, there have only possibilities to innovation activities in a society of rather dispersed authorities, multicultural social structure, potential social motive power and rising social activities. There have plenty of innovation ideas and spirits in Mongolian nomadic culture. And also has possibilities for samples of innovation in its internal structure. So, we should maintain the samples and spirits of innovation in Mongolian nomadic culture.

The clear characters of internal and external interaction: first, values of innovation are generally accepted. In later developed countries, such as America and Australia, there has no long period of limitation of traditional power and a long history. In these countries, the thought of people not tied by the heavy tradition and values of the innovation accepted popularly as a kind of thought of the value. Therefore, they find a way of modernization that mainly caused by the internal change or development of their own culture. Secondly, they carried out open policies at the same time. Thirdly, thanks to the pre-developed countries of the west Europe as their sample of modernization, these countries not repeated the process of modernization in the west Europe, and directly carried out the high opening and developing policies and made their modernization quicken and formed the sample of external functioned development.

When some countries or nation have prepared the internal modernization, and complete the development by external function or competition, is regarded as the external functioned modernization sample. This kind of development formed the conflict between the traditional culture and modern culture and brings double problems. To escape from these problems, there have to kinds of methods: the one is to close the door, the other is to open the door, and you had to choose one of them. The basic escaping way is the later one.

It is difficult to say which one is fit to the process of development in modernization of Inner Mongolian nomadic culture, as samples was talked above. But all they have enlightening values for us. It is a very hard answer to choose a sample for a country or nation’s development, we should investigate and understand the condition of the region systematically and understand the tendency of development of the time and the world. In the development of Mongolian nomadic culture modernization, we suggest the sample of synthetic development: samples of long lasting development, samples of periodical development, samples of jumping development, samples of education go first and samples of ideological progress, etc. It is important to find out which sample is best fit for the needs of development and condition of the region both from the theory and practice.

In summary, modernization is the main character of the modern world development. And it is not a time idea but a social evaluation with a whole system. It not only contains modernization of the economy, but also contains the political modernization and cultural modernization. And also, it is a process of revolutionary change of a society with the man modernization as its main concept. Inner Mongolian nomadic culture is a special culture, has the characters of multicultural, evaluation, comprehensive and contradiction. In the process of modernization of Inner Mongolian nomadic culture, it is important to change the existing policies, quicken the economical development, maintain the education and potential personnel power, protect the ecological balance, master the possibilities of long lasting progress, refer to the samples of modernized countries world today. The work of choosing the fitful modernization way to the Inner Mongolian nomadic culture is an urgent task of the time, ecological balance protect and existence of the herdsmen.

source: http://bdelger.blog.163.com/

Union Catalogue of Mongolian Ancient Materials of China

(A Report of IFLA ALP Project No. 229)

By Sun Beixin Urinhirag-a( Delger translated from Chinese into English, polished by IFLA)

Compiling the Union Catalogue of Mongolian Ancient Materials of China is a scientific research item of Social Science Programs of Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region and Social Science Foundation of China in 1994. And also, it was registered as a project of IFLA ALP in 1997. The scientific research achievements will be : 1. Compiling and publishing “A CATALOGUE OF ANCIENT MONGOLIAN BOOKS AND DOCUMENTS OF CHINA” in three volumes, and “CATALOGUE OF GANJUUR AND TANJUUR” in two volumes. 2. If it is possible, developing data base of “A CATALOGUE OF ANCIENT MONGOLIAN BOOKS AND DOCUMENTS OF CHINA”. After the six years of hard work and joint efforts, we have finished the editing and publishing of the Book, which consists of three volumes.

This project is sponsored by several institutes (Sorting and Research Office for Minority Ancient Books of China, Sorting and Research Office for Ancient Books of Inner Mongolia, National Library of China, Library of Inner Mongolia University, Library of Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region, Library of Social Sciences Academy of Inner Mongolia, Library of Normal University of Inner Mongolia, Library of Minority Normal College of inner Mongolia, China Nationalities Library, Library of Nationalities University of China. The editorial board consists of Mongolian librarians who come from eight libraries mentioned above.

The Union Catalogue of Ancient Mongolian Books and Documents of China is a big reference book of scientific research, rare materials and practical values. In this catalogue, we registered the total amount of 13,100 of ancient books and documents, which were printed or composed with the year before May 1947 in Inner Mongolia and before October 1949 in China. These Mongolian antique books have long history, wide courses, substantial contents, varied types, beautiful handwritings and bindings. There are a lot of rare treasures in this book. 66 titles of Uigurjin Mongolian literatures (18 titles of inscriptions on ancient bronzes and stone tablets, 11 titles of books, 37 titles of grotto stone inscriptions) which were formed between thirteenth century to seventeenth century. 110 titles of Pagspa Mongolian literatures of imperial edicts, signs used as tokens of authority, inscriptions of stone tablets and wreckage pages of books in Yuan Dynasty. Ming Dynasty handwriting copies of Dictionary of Translations for Chinese Minority Tatar Words. A Text book for Uigur Language; and wreckages of Golden Word Ganjuur etc. Qing Dynasty 108 volumes of woodcut print of Vermilion Word GANJUUR. 225 volumes of woodcut print of Vermilion Word TANJUUR. Handwriting copies of “The Real History of Qing Dynasty”. Handwriting copies of translation of Chinese novel “Journey to the West” in Todo Mongolian letters. Injanashi’s personal handwriting of “Stories of the Cuckoo”, etc. The catalogue consists of main part, the indexes and the appendix. The main part is made up of four sections such as the books and scriptures, the archives and materials, the inscriptions of bronze or stone tablets and periodicals including 10301 entries, 2223 entries, 532 entries and 54 entries separately. The main part has the classified layout, the titles of the same kind books are arranged by the order of Mongolian Letters, but some documents are arranged by their contents or times, such as the Buddhist biographies, historical novels, almanacs, inscriptions of bronze or stone tablets and periodicals. The classical Mongolian Letters are used as a description word here and the title of the literature, names of the authors or publishers, and quoted word of the explanation – are written in their original ones. Each entry has its general order number, first title, second title, coordinate title, explanations to the title, author, edition, published place, publisher and published time, physical pattern, binding form, explanation and code names of the different storing libraries. Its Indexes consist of Mongolian Title Index, Latin Transcription Title Index and Chinese Translation Title Index. Appendix is A Concise Catalogue of New Editions of the Mongolian Antique Books (1949.10-1998) including 370 titles of Mongolian antique books and folklore. The Union Catalogue has about 4,000,000 words, consist of three volumes. It has published by The Beijing Library Publishing House.

The Catalogue has the characters of complete including, standard description, scientific classification and easy searching. Firstly, the editors had made investigations to the 180 related libraries, institutions and 80 private or personal libraries of China, and collected 152,000 original entries and more systematically reflected overall aspects of storing of Mongolian literature in China. Secondly, according to the International Standard Book Description (ISBD) and Chinese Standard Book Description (GB 3792), drew up an Editing Essentials for the compiling of A CATALOGUE OF ANCIENT MONGOLIAN BOOKS AND DOCUMENTS OF CHINA. Adopt determined, description marks, description principle and methods, did objective standard descriptions to the Mongolian literature. Have did certain textual researches for their formed times, related information to the author and their edition and recorded prefaces and postscripts of some books. And also reflected the aspects of Mongolia literature cataloging and requirements of the cataloging of the Catalogue, e.g. there are 13 kinds of written languages, and added 8 types to the edition description of the hand-copied books. Made a very good integration between the principle of standard description and Mongolian antique books. Thirdly, according to the classification system, order marks and classifying rules of THE CHINESE LIBRARY CLASSIFICATION, laid down the Guiding Classification of the catalogue became scientific and practical. Fourthly, the three different indexes of the Mongolian Title Index, the Latin Title Index, the Chinese Translation Index, offered different searching ways to the users, and improved its practical rate and scope.

CATALOGUE OF GANJUUR AND TANJUUR would been completed in few months, it would been published by the end of this year.

At present, we are investigating on the possibility of developing the database. But the main problem is lack of a computer OS platform, which can support the ISO Mongolian standard code. Only when this problem is solved, it is possible to develop the database of Mongolian Ancient Books provided for national and international users.

June, 2000

source: http://bdelger.blog.163.com/

An Illustrated Dictionary of Khorchin Mongolian Traditional Articles

the Catalogue of the An Illustrated Dictionary of Khorchin Mongolian Traditional Articles (translated from Mongolian into English by Delger/a draft)

Contents

Foreword

Preface The Forever Land of Khorchin

Introduction

The Map of the Jirim Federation

The Map of the Jirim League

 

Chapter I The Dwellings

Part One The Nomadic Ger

1.Mongol Ger or Yuart

2.The Other Dwellings

Part Two The Settling Ger

1.The Baising House

2.The Bosug-a House

3.The Others

 

Chapter II The Gardens

Part One The Hashiy-a Garden

Part Two Domestic Animal Sheds

Part Three The Ambar-a Store

Part Four Wells

Part Five The Stone Mills

 

Chapter III The Charts

Part One Kinds of the Carts

Part Two The Hanggai Cart

The Part of the Aral

The Part of the Wheels

Part Three The Ham Cart

The Mogon Ham Cart

The Ham Cart with Muhuu

Part Four The Temur or Iron Cart

The Structure of the Temur Cart

The Tatagurg-a Rope of the Temur Cart

The Harness of the the Temur Cart

Part Five The Chirg-a Sled

 

Chapter IV The Clothing

Part One The Head Dress

Hats

Skullcap

The Jalag-a and Jingse or Tassel Panicle like Top

The Earcap

The Scarf

Part Two The Clothes

Mongolian Tunic

Chamcha or Dress

The Uuji or Long Shirt

The Uujimeg or Short Shirt

The Ugjur or Cotton Tunic

The Dahu or Fur Tunic

Jackets

The Chegedeng Vest

Trousers

Raincoat

Others

Part Three Shoes

Boots

Shoes

Stockings

4. The Tureibchi

 

Chapter V Ornaments and Jewelleries

Chapter One Head Ornaments

The Tatagur or Forehead Band with Corals

The Hathugur or Hairpin

The Shihagur or Hair Cylinder

The Shigamal Hair

Earrings

The Suihe or Eardrops

The Bel or Earbob

Unjilag-a

Pigtail Colt

Hairnet

Part Two Necklice and Prayer Beads

1. Necklice

2. Prayer Beads

Part Three The Ornaments for Clothing

1. The Mongolian Knife

2. The Hete or Flint

3.Snuff Bottle

4. Tabaco Pipe

5.Tabaco Bag

6. The Habtag-a Bag

7. The Jegubchi Bag

8.The Tauhai or Adorn Ring

9.The Suirag-a or Drop

10.The Somon Scarf or Loll Belt

11. Red Skirt

Part Four Jingse and Otog-a

1. The Jingse or a Stone on a Hat Top

2.Otog-a or a Tail Feather on a Hat

Part Five Bracelet

Part Six Ring

Chapter Six Articles for Competition

Part One Wrestling

1. The Janggiy-a or Athletic Support Knot

2.The Jodog or Wrestling Coat

3.The Wrestling Trousers

4.The Charbag or Wrestling Skirt

5.The Ebudugchi or Cover Trousers

Part Two Archery Test

1. The Articles of the Archer

2. The Bow And the Arrow

3. The Target

4. The Bow Capsule and Quiver

Part Three Horse Racing

Chapter Seven Home Appliances

Part One Home Appliances

1. The Tulg-a Stove

2. Cooking Utensils

3. Containers

4. The Boxes and Cupboards

5. Tables and Chairs

6. Bags and Dabarg-a Bag

7. The Mortar and Pestle

8. Knives

9. Lighting Appliances

10. Bed Articles

11. Catering Appliances

12. Sewing Appliances

13. Dressing-up Appliances

14. Heating and Cooling Appliances

15. The Others

Part Two Courtyard Appliances

1. The Arug Pack Basket and the Sabar Dung Fork

2. The Sabag Basket

3. The Rice Milling Appliances

4. The Well Utensils

5. The Mud Work Tools

6. Animal Feeding Appliances

7. The Others

 

Chapter Eight Agricultural Tools

Part One Plough

1. The Structure of the Plough

2. The Rope and Colt of the Plough

Part Two Sowing Tools

1. The Drill Basket

2. Sowing Shuttle

3. The Narh-a Stone Roller

Part Three The Others

1. Hoe

2. Prong

3. Iron Prong

4. The Zhetu or Gaotou Pickaxes

5. Sickle

6. The Alisun Sickle

7. Hey Cutter

8. The Wooden Spade

9. The Wooden Fork

10. The Tugsegur Flail

11. The Sabagur Stick

12. The Bolo Roller

Chapter Nine Handicraft Industrial Tools

Part One Carpenter Tools

1. Saw

2. Ax

3. Adze

4. Plane

5. Chisel

6. Drill

7. File

8. Scraper

9. Inking Pot

10. Ruler

11. Former

12. The Others

Part Two Tools of the Blacksmith

1. Hammering Block

2.Hammer

3. Bellows

4. Furnace

5. Crucible

6. The Chabchigur or Cutting Tool

7. The Chogoltur or Dot Punch

8. Pinchers

9. Drill

10. File

11. The Habchigur or Haptor

12. Former

13. Steel Saw

14. Tools for Horseshoe

Part Three Tools of Silversmith

1. Hammering Block

2. Bellows

3.Blowtorch

4. The Oil Lamp

5. Carbon Disk

6. Silver Crucible

7.Fire Clincher

8. Steelyard

9. Compasses

10. Former

11. The Finger Loop Die

12. Drill

13. Steel Saw

14. Sinker

15. Pinchers

16. Scissors

17. Tweezers

18. Steel File

19. Cutting Tool or Chabchigur

20. The Chogoltur or Dot Punch

21. Pestle

22. The Others

Part Four The Other Tools for Handicraft

1. Leather Tanning Tools

2. Brewing Tools

3. Felt Making Tools

4. Carpet Making Tools

5. Rope Laying Tools

6. Stone Processing Tools

 

Chapter Ten Five Kinds of Livestock Appliances

Part One Harness

1. Halter

2. Bit

3. Saddle

4. The Chidur Stumbling Belt

5. The Tusha and Urugel Stumbling Belts

6. Horsewhip

7. The Urg-a or Noosing Pole

8. The Others

Part Two Harness for Camel

1. Boila or Nose Rein Borhug Rein Rope Gubaji Rein Stick

2. Halter

3. Hom Shadu or Saddle Ladder

4. Packsaddle

5. Tohom or Camel Pad

6. The Lasso

7. The Bell

Part Three Harness for Cattle

1. Leading Rope

2. Halter and Huzhugubchi or Neck Rope

3. The Churhe or Connecting Rope

4. The Duru or Nose Rein

5. The Shurge or Milk Cessation Tool

Part Four Tools for Goat and Sheep

1. The Lam Sack

2. The Hug or Birth Controlling Band

3. Cashmere Comber

4. Wool Scissors

Part Five The Others

1. The Marker

2. Spaying Instruments

3. Lactation Tools

4. Colored Silk Ribbon

5. The Argamjiy-a or Stumbling Rope and Stick

6. The Zhel-e or Cable Rope The Hohon-e or Wooden Pin The Holbog-a or Connective

7. The Nemnelge or Lumber Cover

8. The Perspiration Pad

9. Bandage

10. Well for Livestock

Chapter Eleven The Hunting Appliances

Part One Hunting Gun

1. The Sa Rifle

2. The Sa Rifle Appendixes

3. Roer or Fire Gun

Part Two The Bilagu or Hunting Stick

1. The Bilagu

2. The Sabagur or Hunting Stick

Part Three The Habh-a or Trap Clincher

Part Four The Urh-a Noose

Part Five Harness of Hounds

Part Six Tools of Falcon

Part Seven Fishing Tools

1. Fishhook

2. Fishnet

3. Fishing Cover

4. Harpoon

5. Boat and Raft

Part Eight The Others

1. Trap

2. The Shoro or Skewer

3. The Burhugesu Cover

4. The Zhanggur-a Ginadi or Pressing Pier

5. The Khumurigul or Smashing Basket

6. The Chibh-a or Hoop

7. The Dalalagur or Rocker The Shagshuurg-a or Sounder

8. Poultry Net

9. The Burkhuge or hiding Camp

 

Chapter Twelve The Medical Appliances

Part One Doctor Tools

1. Cartridge

2. Drug Spoon

3. Fleam Bag

4. Drug Steelyard

5. Drug Mortar and Pestle

6. The Others

Part Two Medical Appliances

1. Diagnostic Tools

2. Fleam

3. Pricking Pin

4. Moxibustion Needle

5. Cupping Therapy

6. Sore and Injury Tools

7. Bone Setting Tools

8. Delivery Tools

9. The Others

Part Three Subjects Related to Aliment Therapy

1. Animal Organs for Food Therapy

2. Cereals for Food Therapy

3. Therapy Food

4. Therapy Fruits

Part Four Veterinary Appliances

Chapter Thirteen Books and Stationeries

Part One Books

1. History Books

2. Pedigree Books

3. Religious Scriptures

4. Prescriptions

5. Translations from Chinese into Mongolian

6. Document and Official Seals

Part Two Stationeries

1. Pens and Inkstone

2. Paper and Ink

3. Pens

4. Wordpad

5. Engraving Tools

6. Paper-cut Tools

7. The Others

Part Three Version and Printing

Part Four Antithetical Couplets

Chapter Fourteen Musical Instruments

Part One String Instrument or Chordophone

1. Hugur or Mongolian Fiddle

2. Chugur or Horse Head Violin

3. Four String Violin

4. Hihili

Part Two Plucking and Playing String Instruments

1. Yatug-a or Mongolian Zither

2. Tobsigur or Trichord

3. Shudurgu or Two String Chord

4. Hobog or Mongolian Pipa

5. The Pirpar

Part Three Fluting Instruments

1. Blowing Instruments

2. Aerophones

Part Four Membrane Instruments

1. Tungkhur or Shaman Drum

2. Flat Drum

3. Cham Drum

4. Tall Leg Drum

5. Battle Drum

6. Damaru Bell

Part Five Body Sounding Instruments

1. Whacking and Plucking Instruments

2. Shaking Instruments

3. Mutual Plucking Instruments

Chapter Fifteen Religious Appliances

Part One Shaman Appliances

1. Shaman Clothes

2. Shaman Tools

Part Two Lama Tools

1. Lama Clothes

2. Temple Appliances

3. Pattering Instruments

Chapter Sixteen Custom Appliances

Part One Auspicious and Luck

1. Luck Symbol

2. Dalalg-a or Luck Evidence

3. Hadag

4. Amulet

5. Adis

6. House Lucky Symbol

Part Two Beliefs and Sacrifice

1. Heaven Sacrifice

2. Ancestor Sacrifice

3. Fire Sacrifice

4. Buddha Sacrifice

5. Jayagachi Sacrifice

6. Sulde or Spirit Sacrifice

7. Obug-a Sacrifice

8. Tree Sacrifice

9. Nabdag Sabdag or Geomantic Omen Sacrifice

10. White-Old-man Sacrifice

11. Bagumal Sacrifice

12. Bogda Emege Sacrifice

13. Thresh Gain Sacrifice

14. Well Sacrifice

Part Three Worships and Beliefs

1. Counting Prayer Beads

2. Heavenly Stems Worship

3. Preyer Worship

4. Special Plant Worship

Part Four Taboos and Magic

1. Taboos

2. Magic

Part Five Funeral

1. Recline Coffin

2. Vertical Coffin

Chapter Seventeen Games

Part One Riddles

1. Mongolian Chess

2. Jirgige Chess

3. Parji Game

4. Domingo

5. Champal Lock

Part Two Sports

1. Anklebone Game

2. Bilagu Stick

3. Slingshot

Part Three Children Toys

1. Shattlecock

2. Guurai

3. Begerul

4. Balls

5. Gyro

6. Sling

7. Whip

8. Ice Canoe

9. Disk

10. Interlink

11. Pendulum Rope

12. Dolls

13. The Others

Chapter Instruments of Torture

Part One Darbies

Part Two Nails

Part Three Shackles

Part Four Iron Chain

Part Five Reel

Part Six Fixture

Part Seven Black Whip

Part Eight Chibchirg-a or Beating Shoot

 

Chapter Nineteen Decoration and Crafts

Part One Art of Design

1. Structure of the Design

2. Basic Colors of the Design

3. Classification of the Design

Part Two Sewing

1. Cutting

2. Needle Work

3. Embroidery

4. Hugumal

Part Three Painting

Part Four Sculpture

Part Five Carving

Part Six Weaving

Part Seven Natural Art

Chapter Twenty Measurements

Part One Length Measure

1. Length Measures by Body Organs and Physical Objects

2. Length Measures by Experiences

3. Length Measuring Tools

Part Two Weight Measurements

1. Weight Units

2. Steelyards

Part Three Capacity Measurements

1. Capacity Units

2. Capacity Tools

Part Four Ground Area Measurements

References

Postscript

source:http://bdelger.blog.163.com/

The Exact Meaning of the Genghis Khan’s White Ger in Ordos

(Retrospective)

What Exactly Means the Genghis Khan’s White Ger in Ordos

By Sainjirgal

ABSTRACT

The Main Topic: The white Gers (houses) in Ordos are not the tomb in which Genghis Khan’s shrine was stored and offered sacrifices

Key Words: the Ordos the White Ordo (palace) of Genghis Khan

In his fifth invasion to Tanggud, on July 5th of the year of 1227, Genghis Khan died of some disease in Durimekei Town (Lingzhou, 灵洲) of Tanggud. And his sons, empresses and subjects took his shrine to his home town and buried. According to historical books, it is certainly true that Genghis Khan was buried in his hometown.

When the hearse arrived at his hometown, emperor Toloi, the youngest son of Genghis Khan, who was in power and in charge of the motherland, declared the news of the death of his great father, did funeral and mourning in the palaces of the four empresses and buried the emperor father. And sacrificed the idol of Genghis Khan in a special white Ger, hereafter, the worship and sacrifice to Genghis Kan formed and begun. In the Autumn of 1228, Ogedei became the great emperor by the Yekhe Huraldai (the big conference), he not only continued the sacrifice of Genghis Khan, but also decided the sacrifice as one of the most important memorials of his regime. This is the beginning of the sacrifice of the White Ger of Genghis Khan, which go down to posterity among the Mongols though over seven hundred years.

The place, where the great shrine of Genghis Khan was buried, had been decided as a very strict controlled forbidden sacred place, and Uriyanghans were sent as guards for the forbidden place, and also they were given a task of guarding the White Ger in which Genghis Khan’s idol was sacrificed and lighting of the sacred lamps. Ancestor of Today’s Ordos Mongols is a part of Uriyanghans who were guards of the Big Forbidden Place. After the Genghis Khan’s death, guarding the sacrifice and the White Ger of Genghis Khan’s Idol and the Big Forbidden Place at the mountains of Burkhan Haldun, some of Uriyanghans moved to the west areas such as Altai Mountains, Yili Tarbagatai and Hamil in the fourteenth century. And they entered the Union of Four Oirads which established by Togon Taisi at the period of the North Yuan State. In the late fifteenth century, these Uriyanghans departed from the Oirads by the leadership of Ibari Taisi, a nephew of Togon Taisi, and so they moved from the northern part of Hamil via Ejin-e to Boro Tohoi grassland and settled down there. When emperor Tayan reunited the whole Mongols and made these Uriyanghans who guarding the White Gers as one of the Right Three Tumens and called them as the Ordos Tumens. Since then, the original name of Uriyanghan is forgotten slowly and famous for their new name of Ordos.

(Translateded from Mongolian into English by Delger)

source: http://bdelger.blog.163.com/

Knowledge about Library and Books

(Retrospective)

— On the Characteristics and Contributions of the Block-printing Book Industry in Pingyang, Shanxi Province during the Great Mongol Empire

Suoya

ABSTRACT: Chinese books are an indispensable important theme in Chinese culture study. By the influence of the block-printing book industries of the Dynasties of Song, Jin and Western Xia, the same industry rises gradually during the Great Mongol Empire. In the article, author talks and makes a summary about the characteristics and contributions of the Block-printing book industry in Pingyang, Shanxi Province, during the Great Mongol Empire.

 

Keywords: Library Books Pingyang Block-printing Industry

(translated from Chinese into English by Delger)

source: http://bdelger.blog.163.com/

China Mongolian Studies: International Conference on the Arzhai Grotto

(Retrospective)

Invitation

Dear Mr/Mis

Hello!

In order to carry forward national culture, inherit nomadic civilization, and study further and develop the scientific research for the Arzhai Grotto, the International Conference on Arzhai Grotto is going to hold by the Otog Banner, Inner Mongolia, China, on September 18-20, 2008. And you are formally invited to the conference.

One. The main subject of the conference: “the Arzahi Grotto and the Nomadic Culture”

Two. Discussing Topics: the grotto culture, inscriptions in the Uygurjin Mongolian, Tibetan originated Buddhism, the culture of the China Northern Nationalities, and other topics given in the Notification of the Article Soliciting.

Three. Date of the Conference: September 15-16, register and sign up in the first floor hall of the Academy of Inner Mongolia Social Sciences, Huhhot; Spetember 17, go to the Otog Banner; on morning of September 19, opening ceremony and the main subject speech, go to the Arzhai Grotto in the afternoon; a whole day meeting on September 19; September 20, a visit to the Xixia King’s Tomb.

Four. The languages of the conference: Chinese, Mongolian and English.

Five. Conference expenses: there are no conference fees paid from the participants, and also given free meals, lodging, investigation and communication charge. But your round trip fees will be paid by yourself. [Besides, if you are a specially invited guest, your round trip expenses will be paid by the conference (single person)]

The conference related introduction as follows:

1. Guests from other places or abroad, are required to inform us your arriving time to Huhhot, and flight or train number in advance, so that we will send someone meet you in time. If you need to order returning ticket, you will inform us about the ticket class and the time, in advance.

2. A Proceeding is going to be published after the conference. Your paper should be handed in Word or PDF file. (papers written in Mongolian, should be in WPS Office 2002 of Mongkegal, Cyrillic Mongolian should be in Windows XP, MS word ), with the abstract and keywords.

Address: Room 423, the Main Building of the Academy of Inner Mongolia Social Sciences, No.129, the Daxue East Road, Huhhot, Inner Mongolia, P.R.China

The Preparation Office of the International Conference on the Arzhai Grotto of China

Professor Wu Tuanying

June 20 , 2008

(translated from Chinese into English by Delger )

source: http://bdelger.blog.163.com/

Invitation to the China Second International Conference on Mongolian Studies

(Retrospective)

To Dear Mr./ Mrs./Miss:

Hello!

The China Second International Conference on Mongolian Studies is going to be held on September 25-29, 2008, in Huhhot City, Inner Mongolian, China. You are formally invited to the conference.

Some Notices to the Conference:

1. The Conference is divided into different sections, such as Mongolian Linguistics, Literature, and Nomadic Culture.

2. Chinese, Mongolian and English, these languages are available.

3. An investigation to the Chinggis Khan’s Tomb is arranged at the later part of the conference.

4. There are no conference fees (including lodging, meals and investigation). As you are a specially invited guest, your round trip expenses will be paid by the conference (single person).

5. Please register and sign up on September 24, 2008, at the Xincheng Hotel, Huhhot. Guests from other places or abroad, are required to inform us your arriving time to Huhhot, and flight or train number in advance, so that we will send someone meet you in time. If you need to order returning ticket, you will inform us about the ticket class and the time, in advance of 10 days. If you want to return by plane, it will be needed to notice us your ID card number or passport copy, thanks.

6. A Proceeding is going to be published after the conference. Your paper should be printed (on A4 paper) and with a Word file, and hand them to the Secretary Group.

 

Address: the Reception Office of the Social Science Academy of Inner Mongolia, No.129 Daxue East Road, Huhhot, Inner Mongolia, P.R.China

The Preparation Office of the China Second International Conference on Mongolian Studies

 

Professor Wu Tuanying

June , 2008

(translated from Chinese into English by Delger )

source: http://bdelger.blog.163.com/

Contents of the Journal of the North Western Nationalities University (2008.01)

(Retrospective)

The Western Mongolian Studies

An Analyze on the Types of Wit Female Stories of Oitrat Mongols in Xinjiang…………………………..Sarantuyag-a A Talk on the Mongolian Oral History Tradition from Dabusun Gobi in Khukhenagur……………………Oyunchecheg

Altai Uriyanghai Mongols’ Worships of Mountain and Water and Plants ………………………….[Mongolia]Gangblod

 

The Language and Literature Studies

On the Some Kidan Vocabularies in the History of Liao Dynasty……..[America] Andrew Kiginick?From A Miserable Night and the Girl of the Land

— Talking about the Literature Creation of D.Nachugdorji Based on His Manuscripts…….Chen GanglongA Mirror for Understanding the Human Life

— Reading the Chronicle of the Na.Sainchogtu………………………………………………………………..Haschimeg

Special Phenomenon of the Lyric Aesthetics of Mongolian Poem during the Cultural Revolution………Bayaguud Oyunbilig

On the Telling and Singing Artists’ Contribution to the Telling and Singing Arts………………………..Chogtu

 

The Education Studies

Three Important Links of the Modern Mongolian Literature Teaching………………………Cha.Choidandar

Capriccioso from the Lecturing of the Text: It is Going to Rain in the Mountains………. Chebsig

Teaching Skills in Modern Mongolian Peom……………………………………………………………Gerel-e

 

Forum of Postgraduates and Doctorates

A Story Type Research on the Disable Woman without Arm………………………………………….Yu Hua

Motif Research on the Swears Brotherhood in the Mongolian HeroicEpics……………………….Guan Jinhua

Talking about the Estate Inheriting Custom of Mongols………………………………………Wu Hairong Mei Hua

 

Academic Information

The Provincial Quality Course of the Gansu Province— Modern Mongolian Literature (CoverII)…Chebsig

Mourn for Mr. Garud (Cover III)……………………………………………………………………………………… Chebsig

(Translateded from Mongolian into English by Delger)

source: http://bdelger.blog.163.com/

The Chinese Second International Symposium on Mongolian Studies

(Retrospective)

Brochure

(Translateded from Chinese into English by Delger)

The Chinese Second International Symposium on Mongolian Studies

The Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

Huhhot, China

21.9.2008

 

Contents

Details of the Conference…………………………………………………………….. …(2)

The Organizing Committee of The Chinese Second International Symposium

On Mongolian Studies……………….…………………………….………………….…(3)

The Organizing Committee Office of the Chinese Second Symposium

On Mongolian Studies……………………………………………………………………(4)

Sections of the Committee of the Affairs of Chinese Second International Symposium

On Mongolian Studies…………………………………………………………………….(4)

The Schedule of the Chinese Second Symposium

On Mongolian Studies……………………………………………………………..…….(5)

The Investigation Schedule of the Chinese Second Symposium

On Mongolian Studies…………………………………………………………………….(7)

The Name List of the Attendees of the Chinese Second Symposium

On Mongolian Studies………………………………………………….……………..…(8)

 

Details of the Conference

One. Meal Time: Breakfast 7:00-8:00 Lunch 12:00 Supper 18:00

Place: Banquet Hall C, Second Floor, Shangrila Hotel

Breakfast and Lunch of September 23: Qingcheng Banquet Hall, First Floor

Supper: Bayanhoru-a Hotel

Two. Tea Time: September 22, pm 16:00-16:15

September 23, am 10:00-10:15

Three. Please abide by your work and rest time, turn off your mobile and no guest interview during the meeting time.

Four. If the attendee needs to leave in advance, please inform to the Conference Affairs Committee.

Five. The fees of the long distance calls and faxes during the conference will be paid by yourself. And costs of the contents in the rooms are also paid by the consumer.

Six. Please look after your valuables and conference materials.

Seven. The expenses of the room and board of September 21-25 and the Breakfast of September 26 will be paid by the Organizing Committee. If some attendees need lodging afterwards, the expenses will be paid by themselves.

Eight. If someone has other matters, please contact with the Conference Affairs Committee.

Contact to:

 

The Organizing Committee

The Chinese Second International Symposium on Mongolian Studies

Chairman: Ulaan, Minister of the Ministry of Publicity; Standing Member of the Party Committee of the Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region

Vice Chairman: Lian Ji, Vice Chairman of the Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region

Members: Li Bing, Director of the Civilization Office; Vice Minister of the Ministry of Publicity of the Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region

Sun Huimin, Vice Secretary General, the Government of the Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region

Jiang Wei, Director of the Diplomatic Office, Vice Secretary General, the Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region

Liu Yisheng, Deputy Head, the Finance Department of the Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region

Wu Tuanying, President and Secretary of Party Committee of the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

Niu Sen, Secretary of Party Committee of the Social Science Association of the Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region

 

The Organizing Office

The Chinese Second International Symposium on Mongolian Studies

Director: Wu Tuanying, President and Secretary of Party Committee of the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

Deputy Director: Bolog, Ombudsman, the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

Ma Yongzhen, Vice President, the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

An Jianluo, Vice President, the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

 

Organizations

The Conference Affairs Committee

The Chinese Second International Symposium on Mongolian Studies

The Academic Group: Gerel-e, the Group Head; Secretary General of the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

The Secretary Group: Bao Yayan, the Group Head; Director of the Scientific Research Office, the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

Jin Hai, Deputy Group Head; the Deputy Director, the Scientific Research Office, the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

The Conference Affairs Group: Unide, the Group Head; Deputy Director, the Office of the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

Fu Bukhe, the Deputy Group Head; Deputy Director, the Office of the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

The Language Session: Da Bagator, the Person in Charge; Director of the Mongolian Language Institute, Professor, the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

The Literature Session: Bo Sechen, the Person in Charge; Director of the Mongolian Literature Institute, Professor, the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

The History Session: Xiao Ke, the Person in Charge; Director of the History Institute, Professor, the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

The Grassland Culture Session: Unen, the Person in Charge; Director of The Grassland Culture Institute, Professor, the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

 

The Conference Schedule

The Chinese Second International Symposium on Mongolian Studies

Sunday, September21, 2008

 

Time

 

Contents

 

Person in Charge

 

Place

 

 

8:00~24:00

 

Whole Day for Registration

 

Fu Bukhe

Bai Jinhua

 

The Reception Desk, The Chinese Second International Symposium on Mongolian Studies, the First Floor Hall, Shangrila Hotel, Huhhot

 

Monday, September22, 2008

 

Time

 

Contents

 

Moderator

 

Place

 

 

9:00-12:00

(am)

 

Opening Ceremony

1.Welcome Speech by Head of the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

2.Speech by Head of the Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region

3.Speech by Representative of General Secretary of the International Association for Mongolian Studies

 

Bolog

 

The

Big

Banquet Hall

(Second Floor)

 

Whole Participants Group Photo

 

Theme Report by Head of the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

 

Ma Yongzhen

 

 

14:30-18:00

(pm)

 

Session Meetings

 

Moderators

 
 

Language Session

 

1.Jagunnasutu Cui Dongquan

2.Da Bagator

Qiao Bensheng

 

Chengdu Hall

(Third Floor)

 

Literature Session

 

1.Bo.Sechen Serendodnom

2.Ba.Gereltu Baigalisaihan

 

Beijing Hall

(Third Floor)

 

History Session

 

1.Xiao Ke Tetsuo Morikawa

2.Baildugchi L . Abayeva

 

Shanghai Hall

(Third Floor)

 

Grassland Culture Session

 

1.Jagar Zsolt Szilágyi

2.Hao Sumin Ge Mongkhe

 

Xi’an Hall

(Third Floor)

         

 

 

Tuesday, September23, 2008

 

Time

 

Contents

 

Moderator

 

Place

 

8:00-12:00

(am)

 

Session Meetings

   
 

Language Session

 

1.Choijonjab Jiang Xin

2.Yao Kecheng Hasumi Haruo

 

Chengdu Hall

(Third Floor)

 

Literature Session

 

1.Khesigtogtohu Sechenmongkhe

2.Chogjin Zhao Yong Xian

 

Beijing Hall

(Third Floor)

 

History Session

 

1.Choiji Vanchikova Tsymzit

2.Darijab Ch.Lygzima

 

Shanghai Hall

(Third Floor)

 

Grassland Culture Session

 

1.Erdenitogtoh Pongsog

2.Bukhechilagu Sain

 

Xi’an Hall

(Third Floor)

 

14:30-16:30

(pm)

 

Session Meetings

   
 

Language Session

 

Temurtogug-a

Hans-peter Vietze

 

Chengdu Hall

(Third Floor)

 

Literature Session

 

Rinchindorji

Suyuge

 

Beijing Hall

(Third Floor)

 

History Session

 

Ch.Dashidaba

Selengge

 

Shanghai Hall

(Third Floor)

 

Grassland Culture Session

 

Ochi

Khurchabilig

 

Xi’an Hall

(Third Floor)

 

16:0~18:00

(pm)

 

 

 

Closing Ceremony

1.Summary Speeches by Representatives from the Sessions

2.Closing Ceremony Speech

 

An Jianluo

 

The Big Banquet Hall A

(Second Floor)

 

Investigation Schedule

The Chinese Second International Symposium on Mongolian Studies

September24,2008

 

Time

 

Contents

 

Moderator

 

7:00-7:30

 

Breakfast: Qingcheng Banquet Hall, Shangrila Hotel

 

An Jianluo

 

7:40-12:00

 

Visit the Ecological Garden, the First Machine Works and Second Machine Works of Bugutu City

 

12:00

 

Lunch: Qingshan Hotel, Bugutu City

 

14:00

 

Visit Badkar Temple, Bugutu City

 

16:10

 

Back to Huhhot

 

19:00

 

Supper: Jinhui Hotel

September25,2008

 

Time

 

Contents

 

Moderator

 

7:00-7:30

 

Breakfast: Jinhui Hotel

 

An Jianluo

 

8:00-12:00

 

Visit the Zhaojun Tomb and Mongolian Custom Park

 

12:00

 

Lunch: further notice

 

14:30-18:00

 

Free Activities

 

18:00

 

Supper: Jinhui Hotel

 

Participants Name List

The Chinese Second International Symposium on Mongolian Studies

Language Session

 

No.

 

Name

 

S

 

Title

 

Nationality, Institutes

 

1

 

Temurtogug-a

 

M

 

Academician

 

National University of Mongolia

 

2

 

Choim-a

 

M

 

Professor

 

National University of Mongolia

 

3

 

L.Bolod

 

M

 

Professor

 

The Science Academy of Mongolia

 

4

 

Hans-peter Vietze

 

M

 

Professor

 

Berlin University, Germany

 

5

 

Hasumi Haruo

 

M

 

Professor

 

Tokyo Foreign Languages University , Japan

 

6

 

Masaru Hashimoto

 

M

 

Professor

 

Osaka University, Japan

 

7

 

Kuribayashi

 

M

 

Professor

 

The Northeast Asian Studies Center, Japan

 

8

 

Nathan Hill

 

F

 

Professor

 

London University, Britain

 

9

 

Kang Shin

 

M

 

Professor

 

Mongolian Language Research Room, Tanguo University, S. Korea

 

10

 

Choi Dong –Guen

 

M

 

Professor

 

Mongolia Studies Society, S. Korea

 

11

 

Su Suying

 

F

 

Professor

 

The Central Language Research Institute, Taiwan

 

12

 

Jagunnasutu

 

M

 

Professor

 

Nationalities Research Institute, the Chinese Academy of Social Science

 

13

 

Sechenchogtu

 

M

 

Professor

 

Nationalities Research Institute, the Chinese Academy of Social Science

 

14

 

Khuhe

 

M

 

Professor

 

Nationalities Research Institute, the Chinese Academy of Social Science

 

15

 

Yao Kecheng

 

M

 

Professor

 

Department of Eastern Languages, Beijing University

 

16

 

Haserdeni

 

M

 

Professor

 

Mongolian Department, Central Nationalities University

 

17

 

Jin Gang

 

M

 

Professor

 

Mongolian Department, Central Nationalities University

 

18

 

Sechen

 

F

 

Professor

 

Mongolian Department, Central Nationalities University

 

19

 

Delgerm-a

 

F

 

Professor

 

Mongolian Department, Central Nationalities University

 

20

 

Hasbagator

 

M

 

Professor

 

Manchu Language Research Institute, Heilongjiang University

 

21

 

Batugerel

 

M

 

Professor

 

Mongolian Language and Culture College, Northeastern Nationalities University

 

22

 

Vachir

 

M

 

Professor

 

Computer College, Inner Mongolia University

 

23

 

Zhorigtu

 

M

 

Professor

 

Mongolian Studies College, Inner Mongolia University

 

24

 

Jalsan

 

M

 

Professor

 

Mongolian Studies College, Inner Mongolia University

 

25

 

Khugjiltu

 

M

 

Professor

 

Inner Mongolia University

 

26

 

Chenggeltei

 

M

 

Professor

 

Inner Mongolia University

 

27

 

Choijinjab

 

M

 

Professor

 

Mongolian Studies College, Inner Mongolia University

 

28

 

Bayarmendu

 

M

 

Professor

 

Mongolian Studies College, Inner Mongolia University

 

29

 

Nasunurtu

 

M

 

Professor

 

Mongolian Studies College, Inner Mongolia University

 

30

 

Badmaodsar

 

M

 

Professor

 

Mongolian Studies College, Inner Mongolia University

 

31

 

Burinbatu

 

M

 

Professor

 

Mongolian Studies College, Inner Mongolia University

 

32

 

Bai Mengxuan

 

F

 

Assistant Professor

 

Mongolian Studies College, Inner Mongolia University

 

33

 

Garudi

 

M

 

Professor

 

Mongolian Studies College, Inner Mongolian Teacher’s University

 

34

 

Chenggeltu

 

M

 

Professor

 

Mongolian Studies College, Inner Mongolian Teacher’s University

 

35

 

Naranbatu

 

M

 

Professor

 

Mongolian Studies College, Inner Mongolian Teacher’s University

 

36

 

W.Sechen

 

M

 

Professor

 

Mongolian Studies College, Inner Mongolian Teacher’s University

 

37

 

Me.Bagator

 

M

 

Professor

 

Social Folklore Studies College, Inner Mongolian Teacher’s University

 

38

 

Mongkhebuyan

 

M

 

Professor

 

Mongolian Studies College, Inner Mongolian Teacher’s University

 

39

 

Hasbagan-a

 

M

 

Professor

 

Mongolian Studies College, Inner Mongolian Teacher’s University

 

40

 

Wand Dingzhu

 

M

 

Professor

 

Inner Mongolian Nationalities University

 

41

 

She.Namjil

 

M

   

Inner Mongolian Nationalities Affairs Committee

 

42

 

Jirannige

 

M

 

Professor

 

Inner Mongolian National Technical College

 

43

 

Serenbatu

 

M

 

Assistant Professor

 

Mongolian Department, Khulun Boir College

 

44

 

Uyungow-a

 

F

 

Professor

 

Mongolian Department, Khulun Boir College

 

45

 

Enngkhebayar

 

M

 

Doctor

 

Mongolian Department, Khulun Boir College

 

46

 

Tian Xiao

 

F

 

Assistant Professor

 

Mongolian Department, Ulaganhada College

 

47

 

Luntub

 

F

   

Staff Room, the Blue Straight Banner, Shilingol League

 

48

 

Norjin

 

F

 

Professor

 

the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

 

49

 

Bolog

 

M

 

Professor

 

the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

 

50

 

D. Bagatur

 

M

 

Professor

 

Mongolian Language Institute, the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

 

51

 

Soyoltu

 

M

 

Professor

 

the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

 

52

 

Chi. Sechen

 

M

 

Professor

 

the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

 

53

 

He Lianxi

 

M

 

Professor

 

the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

 

54

 

Batusaihan

 

M

 

Professor

 

the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

 

55

 

Saran-a

 

M

 

Assistant

 

the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

 

56

 

Xiu Hua

 

F

 

Doctor

 

the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

 

57

 

Zandan

 

F

 

Doctor

 

the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

 

58

 

Jin Shubao

 

M

 

Doctorate

 

the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

Literature Session

 

No.

 

Name

 

S

 

Title

 

Nationality, Institutes

 

1

 

Serensodnam

 

M

 

Academician

 

Language and Culture Institute, the Science Academy of Mongolia

 

2

 

Baigalisaihan

 

M

 

Professor

 

National University of Mongolia

 

3

 

Jigdengombu Sechen

 

F

 

Professor

 

Culture and Art College of Mongolia

 

4

 

Chen Ganglong

 

M

 

Professor

 

Eastern Languages Department, Beijing University

 

5

 

Ulaganjai

 

M

 

Professor

 

Institute of Minority Literature and Art, Central Nationalities University

 

6

 

Rinchindorji

 

M

 

Professor

 

Institute of Minority Literature, the Chinese Academy of Social Science

 

7

 

Jalg-a

 

M

 

Professor

 

Institute of Minority Literature, the Chinese Academy of Social Science

 

8

 

Chogjin

 

M

 

Professor

 

Institute of Minority Literature, the Chinese Academy of Social Science

 

9

 

Sechenmongkhe

 

M

 

Professor

 

Institute of Minority Literature, the Chinese Academy of Social Science

 

10

 

Danburjab

 

M

 

Assistant Professor

 

Institute of Minority Literature, the Chinese Academy of Social Science

 

11

 

Sechenbatu

 

M

 

Assistant Professor

 

Institute of Minority Literature, the Chinese Academy of Social Science

 

12

 

Wu.Nachin

 

M

   

Institute of Minority Literature, the Chinese Academy of Social Science

 

13

 

Wang Mandug-a

 

M

 

Professor

 

Mongolian Department, Central Nationalities University

 

14

 

Khugjikhu

 

M

 

Professor

 

Mongolian Department, Central Nationalities University

 

15

 

Namjil

 

M

 

Professor

 

Mongolian Department, Central Nationalities University

 

16

 

Wu Yue

 

F

 

Professor

 

Mongolian Department, Central Nationalities University

 

17

 

Khesigtogtohu

 

M

 

Professor

 

Mongolian Department, Central Nationalities University

 

18

 

Choidandar

 

M

 

Professor

 

Mongolian Studies College, Northeastern Nationalities University

 

19

 

Erdenibilig

 

M

 

Professor

 

Mongolian Studies College, Northeastern Nationalities University

 

20

 

Sechenmongkhe

 

M

 

Professor

 

Mongolian Studies College, Northeastern Nationalities University

 

21

 

Sedunjab

 

M

 

Professor

 

Humanities College, Xinjian Teacher’s University

 

22

 

Danbipeljid

 

M

 

Professor

 

Humanities College, Xinjian Teacher’s University

 

23

 

Darhijab

 

M

 

Professor

 

Mongolian Studies College, Inner Mongolia University

 

24

 

Erdenihada

 

M

 

Professor

 

Mongolian Studies College, Inner Mongolia University

 

25

 

Che.jirgal

 

M

 

Professor

 

Mongolian Studies College, Inner Mongolia University

 

26

 

Choiraljab

 

M

 

Professor

 

Mongolian Studies College, Inner Mongolia University

 

27

 

Ba.Gereltu

 

M

 

Professor

 

Mongolian Studies College, Inner Mongolia University

 

28

 

Khurelsha

 

M

 

Professor

 

Mongolian Studies College, Inner Mongolia University

 

29

 

Mongkhejiyag-a

 

M

 

Professor

 

Mongolian Studies College, Inner Mongolia University

 

30

 

Chilagu

 

M

 

Professor

 

Mongolian Studies College, Inner Mongolia University

 

31

 

Suyuge

 

M

 

Professor

 

Mongolian Studies College, Inner Mongolia University

 

32

 

Uchiraltu

 

M

 

Professor

 

Mongolian Studies College, Inner Mongolia University

 

33

 

Urusgal

 

M

 

Professor

 

Mongolian Studies College, Inner Mongolia University

 

34

 

Erdenibayar

 

M

 

Assistant Professor

 

Mongolian Studies College, Inner Mongolia University

 

35

 

Mansang

 

M

 

Professor

 

Mongolian Studies College, Inner Mongolian Teacher’s University

 

36

 

Xinbayar

 

M

 

Assistant Professor, Doctor

 

Foreign Languages College, Inner Mongolia University

 

37

 

Erkhimbayar

 

M

 

Assistant Professor

 

International Educational College, Inner Mongolia University

 

38

 

Man Quan

 

M

 

Professor

 

Mongolian Studies College, Inner Mongolian Teacher’s University

 

39

 

Temurbagan-a

 

M

 

Professor

 

Mongolian Studies College, Inner Mongolian Teacher’s University

 

40

 

Kharakhu

 

M

 

Professor

 

Mongolian Studies College, Inner Mongolian Teacher’s University

 

41

 

Biligundalai

 

M

 

Assistant Professor

 

Mongolian Studies College, Inner Mongolian Teacher’s University

 

42

 

Bolog

 

M

 

Professor

 

Mongolian Studies College, Inner Mongolian Teacher’s University

 

43

 

Bao Jingang

 

M

 

Professor

 

Mongolian Studies College, Inner Mongolian Teacher’s University

 

44

 

Gereljab

 

M

 

Professor

 

Nationalities Affairs Committee, Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region

 

45

 

Ba.Sukhe

 

M

 

Professor

 

Inner Mongolian Nationalities University

 

46

 

Buyantogtohu

 

M

 

Professor

 

Mongolian Department, Inner Mongolian Nationalities University

 

47

 

Namjilwangchug

 

M

 

Professor

 

Mongolian Department, Ulanganhada College

 

48

 

Ching Zhorigtu

 

M

 

Professor

 

Mongolian Department, Ulanganhada College

 

49

 

Ragisurung

 

M

 

Professor

 

Mongolian Department, Ulanganhada College

 

50

 

Rong Sukhe

 

M

 

Professor

 

The Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

 

51

 

Zhao Yongxian

 

M

 

Professor

 

The Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

 

52

 

Dorongg-a

 

M

 

Professor

 

The Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

 

53

 

Bo. Sechen

 

M

 

Professor

 

Institute of Literature, the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

 

54

 

Jalfungg-a

 

M

 

Professor

 

The Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

 

55

 

Jin Hai

 

M

 

Professor

 

Research Office, the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

 

56

 

Batu

 

M

 

Professor

 

Institute of Literature, the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

 

57

 

Saran-a

 

F

 

Professor

 

Journal of Inner Mongolia Social Sciences

 

58

 

Gerel-e

 

F

 

Professor

 

the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

 

59

 

Ulagagerel

 

F

 

Assistant Professor

 

Institute of Literature, the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

 

60

 

Tie Jun

 

M

 

Assistant Professor

 

Institute of Literature, the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

 

61

 

Wang Hairong

 

F

 

Assistant Professor

 

Institute of Grassland Culture, the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

History Session

 

No.

 

Name

 

S

 

Title

 

Nationality, Istitutes

 

1

 

Ishidorji

 

M

 

Professor

 

Representative for the General Secretary, International Association for Mongolian Studies

 

2

 

Ch.Dashidava

 

M

 

Professor

 

History Institute, the Science Academy of Mongolia

 

3

 

Eenkhechimeg

 

F

 

Doctor

 

History Institute, the Science Academy of Mongolia

 

4

 

B. Punsaldulam

 

F

 

Assistant Professor

 

History Institute, the Science Academy of Mongolia

 

5

 

Cholmon

 

F

 

Professor

 

National University of Mongolia

 

6

 

Ayusheyeva M.V.

 

F

 

Professor

 

The Institute of Mongolian, Buddhist and Tibetan Studies, Siberian Branch, Academy of Sciences , Russia

 

7

 

Vanchikova Tsymzit

 

F

 

Professor

 

Center of oriental manuscripts and Xylography of IMBTS.RUSSIA

 

8

 

Lubov.L . Abayeva

 

F

 

Professor

 

The Institute of Mongolian, Buddhist and Tibetan Studies, Siberian Branch, Academy of Sciences , Russia

 

9

 

Tetsuo Morikawa

 

M

 

Professor

 

Institute of Comparative Social Culture, Kiuxiu University, Japan

 

10

 

Hiroki Oka

 

M

 

Professor

 

Northeastern University, Japan

 

11

 

Hagihara

 

M

 

Professor

 

Xiaosen University, Japan

 

12

 

Babao

 

M

 

Professor

 

Usaka City University

 

13

 

Tserenbaltav Minjin

 

M

 

Professor

 

Bon University, Germany

 

14

 

CCh. Lygzima

 

F

 

Professor

 

Oriental institute ,Pot vodarenskou vezi, Czech Republic

 

15

 

Kim Songsuu

 

F

 

Professor

 

Haward University, USA

 

16

 

Togan Isenbike

 

F

 

Professor

 

Department of History of Middle East Technical University, Turkey

 

17

 

Cheng Chongde

 

M

 

Professor

 

Institute of Qing History, Chinese People’s Uni.

 

18

 

Oljei

 

M

 

Professor

 

Mongolian Department, Central Nationalities University

 

19

 

Ulagan

 

F

 

Professor

 

Institute of Nationalities, the Chinese Academy of Social Science

 

20

 

Darijab

 

M

 

Professor

 

History Department, Central Nationalities University

 

21

 

Du Jiaji骥

 

M

 

Professor

 

Yuan History Section, Nankai University

 

22

 

Liu Yingsheng

 

M

 

Professor

 

Yuan History Section, Nanjing University

 

23

 

Narasu

 

F

 

Assistant Professor

 

Mongolian Language and Culture College, Northwestern Nationalities University

 

24

 

Wang Qingxian

 

M

 

Professor

 

Inner Mongolia University

 

25

 

Buyandelger

 

M

 

Professor

 

Inner Mongolia University

 

26

 

Zhou Taiping

 

M

 

Professor

 

Inner Mongolia University

 

27

 

Baildugchi

 

M

 

Professor

 

Inner Mongolia University

 

28

 

Zhang Jiuhe

 

M

 

Professor

 

Inner Mongolia University

 

29

 

Chimeddorji

 

M

 

Professor

 

Inner Mongolia University

 

30

 

Buyankhu

 

M

 

Professor

 

Inner Mongolia University

 

31

 

Oyungerel

 

F

 

Doctor

 

Mongolian Studies Center, Inner Mongolia University

 

32

 

Su Ruiling

 

F

 

Professor

 

Inner Mongolian Teacher’s University

 

33

 

Cao Yongnian

 

M

 

Professor

 

Inner Mongolian Teacher’s University

 

34

 

Khurcha

 

M

 

Professor

 

Inner Mongolian Teacher’s University

 

35

 

Nasunoljei

 

M

 

Assistant Professor

 

Inner Mongolian Teacher’s University

 

36

 

Na.Saishiyaltu

 

M

 

Professor

 

Mongolian Studies College, Inner Mongolian Teacher’s University

 

37

 

Hanggai

 

M

 

Professor

 

Mongolian Studies College, Inner Mongolian Teacher’s University

 

38

 

Mang. Muren

 

M

 

Professor

 

Inner Mongolian Teacher’s University

 

39

 

Xie Yonghai

 

F

 

Assistant Professor

 

Inner Mongolian Teacher’s University

 

40

 

Surug

 

M

 

Professor

 

Inner Mongolian Agricultural University

 

41

 

Tuimer

 

M

 

Professor

 

Library of Inner Mongolia

 

42

 

Jin Xiao

 

F

   

Institute of History and Culture, Professional College of Huhhot City

 

43

 

Lagshanburin

 

M

   

Memorial Hall of Sagangsechen, Ordos City

 

44

 

Meng Songlin

 

M

   

Khulun Boir City

 

45

 

Choiji

 

M

 

Professor

 

History Institute, the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

 

46

 

Xiao Ke

 

M

 

Professor

 

History Institute, the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

 

47

 

Selengge

 

M

 

Assistant Professor

 

History Institute, the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

 

48

 

He Tianming

 

M

 

Professor

 

History Institute, the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

 

49

 

Ardajab

 

M

 

Assistant Professor

 

the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

 

50

 

Altansumbur

 

M

 

Professor

 

History Institute, the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

 

51

 

Zhang Shuangfu

 

M

 

Professor

 

the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

 

52

 

Liu Menglin

 

M

 

Assistant Professor

 

Library of the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

 

53

 

Tuyag-a

 

F

 

Assistant Professor

 

Library of the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

 

54

 

Chang Ming

 

M

 

Doctor

 

Library of the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

 

55

 

Zhang Daiyu

 

F

 

Doctor

 

History Institute, the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

 

56

 

Quan Rong

 

F

 

Doctor

 

History Institute, the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

 

57

 

Fan Lijun

 

F

 

Assistant Professor

 

History Institute, the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

Grassland Culture Session

 

No.

 

Name

 

S

 

Title

 

Nationality, Institutes

 

1

 

Enkhtuvshin

 

M

 

Academician

 

Institute of International Nomadic Civilization, Mongolia

 

2

 

Pongsog

 

M

 

Professor

 

Institute of History, Mongolian Academy of Sciences

 

3

 

Purbujab

 

M

 

Professor

 

National University of Mongolia

 

4

 

Zsolt Szilágyi

 

M

 

Professor

 

Research Group for Altaic studies Hungarian Academy of Sciences

 

5

 

Chen Shoupeng

 

M

 

Professor

 

the Science Education, Culture & Health Committee of the National People’s Congress

 

6

 

Han Maoli

 

F

 

Professor

 

Geological College, Beijing University

 

7

 

Sain

 

M

 

Professor

 

Institute of Folklore and Society Development, Beijing Teacher’s University

 

8

 

Bo. Darhan

 

M

 

Professor

 

Art College, Central Nationalities College

 

9

 

Xing Li

 

F

 

Professor

 

Media College, Central Nationalities College

 

10

 

Sarangerel

 

F

 

Professor

 

Mongolian Department, Central Nationalities College

 

11

 

Mu Hongli

 

M

 

Professor

 

Northeastern Teacher’s University

 

12

 

Bo.Shabu

 

M

 

Professor

 

Editorial Board, Serial Journal of Heilongjiang Nationalities

 

13

 

Hao Sumin

 

M

 

Professor

 

College of Society and Folklore, Northwestern Nationalities University

 

14

 

Chebsig

 

M

 

Assistant Professor

 

Mongolian Department, Northwestern Nationalities University

 

15

 

Narangerl

 

F

   

Foreign Languages College, Inner Mongolia University

 

16

 

Nasunbayar

 

M

 

Professor

 

College of Ethnology and Sociology, Inner Mongolia University

 

17

 

Xu Ying

 

M

   

Journal of Art College, Inner Mongolia University

 

18

 

Monggonhuar

 

F

 

Assistant Professor

 

Art College, Inner Mongolia University

 

19

 

Ren Qiyi

 

M

 

Assistant Professor

 

Humanities and History College, Inner Mongolia University

 

20

 

Delger

 

M

 

Professor

 

Inner Mongolia University Library

 

21

 

Ge.Mongkhe

 

M

 

Professor

 

College of Law and Politics, Inner Mongolian Teacher’s University

 

22

 

Jagar

 

M

 

Professor

 

Department of Science and Technology, Inner Mongolian Teacher’s University

 

23

 

Ochi

 

F

 

Professor

 

Folklore Department, Inner Mongolian Teacher’s University

 

24

 

Qi Bagator

 

M

 

Professor

 

Folklore Department, Inner Mongolian Teacher’s University

 

25

 

Bao Yuhai

 

M

 

Professor

 

Geology College, Inner Mongolian Teacher’s University

 

26

 

Yang Bayar

 

M

 

Professor

 

Inner Mongolian Teacher’s University

 

27

 

Mongkhe

 

M

 

Professor

 

Folklore Department, Inner Mongolian Teacher’s University

 

28

 

Gereltu

 

M

 

Professor

 

Inner Mongolian Agricultural University

 

29

 

Naranvachir

 

M

 

Professor

 

Inner Mongolian Agricultural University

 

30

 

B.Jirgal

 

M

 

Professor

 

National Staff Room, Inner Mongolian Party School

 

31

 

Yang Dorji

 

M

   

Inner Mongolian Chinese Culture College

 

32

 

Qiao Yuguang

 

M

   

Art Institute, Culture Department of Inner Mongolia

 

33

 

Bao Shan

 

M

 

Assistant Professor

 

Educational Publishing House of Inner Mongolia

 

34

 

Burinsain

 

M

 

Professor

 

Japan Society for the Promotion of Science

 

35

 

Cong Lijuan

 

F

 

Assistant Professor

 

Art Institute of Inner Mongolia

 

36

 

Wu Tuanying

 

M

 

Professor

 

The Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

 

37

 

Bolog

 

M

 

Professor

 

The Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

 

38

 

Ma Yongzhen

 

M

 

Assistant Professor

 

The Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

 

39

 

Yi Song

 

M

 

Professor

 

Institute of Nationalities, the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

 

40

 

An Jianluo

 

M

 

Professor

 

the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

 

41

 

Bukhechilagu

 

M

 

Professor

 

Literature Institute, the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

 

42

 

Erdenitogtohu

 

M

 

Professor

 

Philosophy Institute, the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

 

43

 

Unen

 

M

 

Professor

 

Institute of Grassland Culture, the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

 

44

 

Khurchabilig

 

M

 

Professor

 

Journal of Inner Mongolian Social Sciences

 

45

 

Fan Zhaodong

 

M

 

Professor

 

Institute of Socialism, The Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

 

46

 

Batujirgal

 

M

 

Professor

 

Journal of Inner Mongolian Social Sciences

 

47

 

Tuyag-a

 

F

 

Assistant Professor

 

Institute of Herding Area Economics, The Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

 

48

 

Uran

 

F

 

Assistant Professor

 

Literature Institute, The Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

 

49

 

Erdenibayar

 

M

 

Assistant Professor

 

Journal of Inner Mongolian Social Sciences

 

50

 

Sheng Mingguang

 

M

 

Assistant Professor

 

Institute of Grassland Culture, the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

 

51

 

Gegensara

 

F

 

Assistant

 

Literature Institute, The Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Science

source: http://bdelger.blog.163.com

Online Catalogue of the Goettingen State and University Library

Online Catalogue of the Goettingen State and University Library

the Goettingen State and University Library’s online catalogue is under:

 www.sub.uni-goettingen.de

the Goettingen State and University Library’s online catalogue

If you insert “spr mon” into the search slot, you should get the catalogue of all our Mongolian books. “spr bua” is for Buryat books and “spr xal” for Kalmuck books.